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A vintage original photograph approximately 5X8 inches by BILL BERNHARD Salt Lake City Bees Salt Lake City Bees I1915 Pacific Coast League 108-892ndCliff Blankenship1916 Pacific Coast League 99-99173rdBill Bernhard The Salt Lake City Bees are a member of the Pacific Coast League (PCL) A minor league baseball team, the Triple-A affiliate of the Los Angeles Angels. They are based in Salt Lake City, Utah and play their home games at Smith Field. Dubbed "The Bee Farm" by fans, the stadium opened in 1994 and has a capacity of 15,411, the largest in the PCL. The team was previously known as the Salt Lake City Buzz (1994-2000) and the Salt Lake Stingers (2001-2005) before adopting the Bee nickname in 2006. 2 Playoffs 3 Teams 4 Notable past players 5 References Salt Lake City businessman Bill "Hardpan" Ryan purchased the Sacramento Thorens and brought the team to Utah as the Salt Lake City Bees. Despite being a founding member of the PCL, the Solons suffered losses on the field and at the gate and were temporarily relegated to Tacoma, Fresno and San Francisco. Their first game was played on March 31, 1915, in front of 10,000 fans who flocked to Bonneville Park to cheer on the Bees' 9-3 victory over the Vernon Tigers.
The original Bees never won the PCL pennant, but they attract a lot of visitors, especially given the small size of the market. However, other PCL team owners expressed displeasure at the exorbitant cost of traveling to Salt Lake City. When the Vernon Tigers left Los Angeles after the 1925 season, Lane advised him that it would be best to move the team to Southern California. After 11 seasons, the Bees moved to Los Angeles for the 1926 season. What was originally known as the "Hollywood Bees" quickly became the "Hollywood Stars". After ten seasons in Hollywood, the team moved back to San Diego, where they played as the San Diego Padres from 1936 to 1968. Salt Lake City didn't have a baseball team until 1946, when it acquired the Pioneer League franchise. [4] ]
When the Brooklyn Dodgers moved to Los Angeles in 1958, the second Hollywood Stars had to relocate, were sold and moved back to Salt Lake City, where they became the Salt Lake City Bees. In 1959, the Bees won their first PCL pennant, a 1 1⁄2 game ahead of the Vancouver Mounties. In 1963, the team started its first season as a farm team and became a full member of the Chicago Cubs. The Bees' second game played at the PCL from 1958 to 1965 before moving to Tacoma. As before, the void created by the loss of the PCL from 1967 to 1969 was filled by the Pioneer League.
In 1970, the Pacific Coast League returned to Salt Lake City for the third time, and the newly formed Salt Lake City Bees were the San Diego Padres' Triple-A farm team. The partnership lasted just one season, and in 1971 the Padres and Cal Angels traded Triple-A affiliates in Salt Lake City and Hawaii (where they enjoyed a brief but historic PCL dominance). Instead of continuing to use the Bees name, the team followed their parents' name, the Angels, and won the PCL championship in 1971. After four seasons with the Angels, the team changed its name to the Salt Lake City Seagulls in 1975. The Seagulls became the Triple-A of their affiliate Seattle's 1982 Mariners. Although the team never finished first, they won the PCL pennant in 1971 and 1979 and made the playoffs both years.
After the 1984 season, the team was sold and moved to Calgary, Alberta, where it was renamed the Calgary Cannons in 1985. After 1984, Salt Lake City reorganized a team from the PCL to the Pioneer League champions, the Salt Lake Hunters, from 1985 to 1992[4] In 1987, the Trappers won 29 consecutive games, setting a professional baseball record . In 1994, after nearly ten years, PCL returned to Salt Lake City for the fourth time.
Salt Lake Bee (1994-present)
The entrance gate at Smith Field, home of the Bees (photo of the former Spring Mobile Ballpark). The current franchise dates back to 1994, when PCL Portland Beavers owner and former major league player Job Zass moved the team to Salt Lake City. The Buzzards struck a deal in which the city would build a new park on the site of the historic Dekers Field in exchange for the team relocating. The new stadium, Franklin Quest Field, opened in 1994 and was renamed the Salt Lake Buzz, attracting 713,224 fans to a home game in its inaugural season - breaking the 48-year-old PCL single-season attendance record. [5] Buzas owned the team until his death in 2003. The team was purchased by Larry H. Miller, who also owns the NBA's Utah Jazz. Miller died in February 2009 and the team is currently owned by his widow, Gail Miller.
Known as the Salt Lake Buzz from 1994 to 2000, the team changed its name to the Salt Lake Stingers in 2001. The change was forced as a result of a trademark dilution lawsuit filed by Georgia Tech, whose Yellowjacket mascot was named Buzz. [6] The name change coincided with a change in major league clubs, from the Minnesota Twins to the Anaheim Angels.
After the 2005 season, the team announced that the Stingers would henceforth be known as the Salt Lake Bees, the name of the original PCL team that played in Salt Lake City from 1915-1926. [4] The bee has long been a symbol of Utah. The original name of the Mormon settlement, Deseret, is said to mean "bee" in the Book of Mormon. The hive appears on the Utah state flag. The state's motto is "Industry" (famous for its bees). Utah is often referred to as "The Hive State."
1994 Playoffs: Lost to Vancouver 3-2 in the semifinals. 1995: Lost to Vancouver 1-3 in the semi-finals. Lost to Colorado Springs 3-2 in the final. 1996: Lost 1-3 to Edmonton in the semifinals. 1999: Lost to Vancouver 3-2 in the semifinals. 2000: Defeated Sacramento 3-2 in the semifinals. Lost to Memphis 3-1 in the final. 2002: Defeated Oklahoma 3-0 in the semifinals. Final 1-3 at Edmonton 2006: Semifinal 1-3 at Tucson 2007: Semifinal 2-3 at Sacramento 2008: Semifinal 1-3 at Sacramento 2013: Semifinal 1-3 at Sacramento Las Vegas: 1 loss; lost to Omaha 3-1 in the final. Team, Salt Lake Bees, Players, Coaches/Other Pitchers
10 Jason Alexander 29 Matt Ball 27 Jeremy Beasley 30 Tyler Carpenter – Ryan Clark 33 Adrian D’Orta 20 Adam Hoffacter 38 Isaac Matteson 40 Jeremy Rhodes – Zach Ryan catcher infielder
8. Jose Rojas – Eric Salcedo outfielder
26 Joe Adair 9 Brennon Lund
12 Lou Marson Trainer
13 Brian Bethancourt (bat) – Jairo Cuevas (pitch) 4 Ray Olmedo (outfielder)
Injury icon 2.svg 7-day injured list* On the Los Angeles Angels 40-man roster# Rehabilitation Efforts ∞ Reserve List ‡ Restricted List§ Banned List† Temporarily Inactive List List Updated February 7, 2020 Trades → Other Rosters : MiLB • Pac Coast League → Los Angeles Angels minor leaguers
Notable past players Bernardo Brito [7] Jon Figkins [8] LaTroy Hawkins [9] John Lackey [10] David Ortiz [11] Todd Walker [12] Kendries Morales Jared Weaver [13] Nick Adenhart [14] Joe Kendrick [15] Hands [16] Erick Aybar Torii Hunter Robb Quinlan Jose Molina Mike TroutDontrelle WillisTim LincecumMarty CordovaA.J. PilczynskiAndrew RomanShawn RodriguezDoug MinkiewiczJeff Mathis
The Salt Lake City Bees were a minor league baseball club based in Salt Lake City, Utah that played under various names from 1911 to 1984. The Bees are longtime members of the Pacific Coast League and the Pioneer League. The team played its home game at Derks FieldContents 1 History 2 Notable Players 3 Year Profiles 4 References 5 External Links 6 See also History The Bees, formerly the Salt Lake Skyscrapers, played in the Division D Association from 1911 to 1914. The league disbanded after the 1914 season. In '15, however, the San Francisco Missionaries were sold to Utah businessman Bill "Hardpan" Lane, who moved the team to Salt Lake City. From 1915 to 1925 the club was known as the Melisses. Due to the elevation and size of the club's Bonneville Park course, the Bees set some of the best batting records in the PCL during this period. [1]
From 1915 to 1925 the club was known as the Melisses. However, Lane moved the team to Los Angeles for the 1926 season and they were initially known as the "Hollywood Bees" but were soon renamed the "Hollywood Stars".
However, from 1926 to 1928, the Salt Lake City team of the Utah-Idaho League still used the Bees baseball team in the city. The team won its first championship in its final season in 1928. In 1939, the Bees took their third incarnation and played in the Pioneer League, winning in 1946 and 1953. The city returned to the Pacific Coast League from 1958 to 1965, winning the league championship in 1959.
From 1967 to 1968, the city was represented by the Salt Lake Giants, who again played in the Trail Blazers and now the major leagues. The team is affiliated with the San Francisco Giants [2]. The team played in the 1969 and 1970 seasons and was renamed the Bees.
After 1969, the club regained Triple A qualification and the Pacific Coast League. In 1971, the club changed its name to the Salt Lake City Angels when it became an affiliate of the California Angels for the 1974 season. In their first season as the Angels, the club won the Pacific Coast Conference South Division record 78-68. The team then defeated the Tacoma Twins 3-1 to win the championship pennant. The team changed its name to the Salt Lake City Seagulls in 1975, but remained the Angels' primary affiliate through the 1981 season. In 1979, the team was able to defeat the Hawaiian Islanders for their last major league title.
In 1982, the Seagulls joined the Seattle Mariners. After the 1984 season, the team moved to Calgary, Alberta, where it was renamed the Calgary Cannons in 1985. [3]
The city's current minor league team, the Salt Lake Buzz, chose its name in part as a nod to the Bees' heritage. In November 2005, Buzz (now Salt Lake Stingers) changed its name to Salt Lake Bees and rebranded.
Notable players: Lefty Gomez (1928), Baseball Hall of Famer, Jeff Newman, MLB All-Star catcher and manager. record year by year
Salt Lake City Angels Logo Hat
Gulls 1978 Season Schedule (via Angels Baseball Reference Bullpen) (via Bees Baseball Reference Bullpen) (via Giants Baseball Reference Bullpen) (via Gulls Baseball Reference Bullpen) (via Skyscrappers Baseball Reference Bullpen)
JahrLigaBilanzAbschlussManagerPlayoffsSalt Lake City Skyscappers1911Union Association85-582ndCliff Blankenship1912Union Association77-612nd Art Weaver1913Union Association75-472ndJohn McCloskerrySociation75-472ndJohn McCloskerryS Asso ciation2H es I1915Pacific Coast League108-892ndCliff Blankenship 1916Pacific Coast League99-963rdCliff Blankenship1917Pacific Coast League102-973rdBill Bernhard1918Pacific Coast League48-495 Pacific Coast League48-495Pacific1rdie8Walter 920 Eιρηνικός Coast Liga95 -925thErnie Johnson1921 Pacific Coast League73-1107th Gavvy Cravath1922pacific Coast League95-1064thDuffy Lewis1923Pacific Coast League94-1055th D uffy Lewis1924Pacific1924Pacific1924PacificD Coast League116-842ndOscar VittSalt Lake City Bees II1926Utah-Idaho League52 –705.Bud Orr / Bert Whaling / Chet Chadbourne 1927 Utah–Idaho League 59–502. Harry O'Neill 1928 Utah-Idaho League 68-491. Bobby Coltrin Gewonnen in der Ligameisterschaft gegen Boise Senators, 4-1 Salt Lake City Bees III 1939 Pioneer League 59-654. Eddielo 940Pullion die erste Runde1941Pioneer League68 -603.Tony RobelloVerlor die erste Runde 1942 Pioneer League 55-634.Andy Harrington 1946 Pioneer League 76-401.Joe OrengoLeague Champs1947 Pioneer League81- 571.Tommy ThompsonVerlor Liga410006. 49 Pioneer League 73-534. Tommy Thompson Verlor erste Runde1950 Pioneer League 55-706.Earl Bolyard / Robert White1951 Pioneer League 84-521.Hub KittleVerlor erste Runde1952.Hub Kittle195 3 Pioneer League 69-624.Ed die Murphy / Burt B arkelew / Charlie Gassaway League Championship 1954 Trail Blazers League. eer League 61- 706. Bobby Sturgeon / Sven Jessen 1956 Blazers League 70-622. (Unentschieden) Frank Lucchesi 1957 Pioneer League 61-645. Cliff Dapper 1958 Pacific Coast League 77-775. Larry Shepard 1959 Pacific Coast League 85-691. Larry Shepard Gewonnene Meisterschaft Keine 8 Playoff 019 Coast 19. Pacific Coast League 67-878. Herman Franks/Fred Fitzsimmons 1962 Pacific Coast League 81-732. Bob Kennedy1963 Pacific Coast League 73-859. El Tappe1964 Pacific Coast League 58-989. Vedie Himsl1965 Pacific Coast League 56-9110. Stan Hack Salt Lake Giants 1967 Pioneer League 25-418P League 25-416P. Malgrad Salt Lake City Bees IV1969 Pioneer League 38-334. Dave Garcia1970 Pacific Coast League 44-998. Don Zimmer Salt Lake City Angels 1971 Pacific Coast League 78-682. Del RiceGewonnene Meisterschaft gegen Tacoma Twins, 3-11972 Pacific Coast League 80 -683 Verlorene Meisterschaft gegen Pacific 78-682 3.Jimy Williams1978 Pacific Coast League 72- 655.Deron JohnsonVerlor Halbfinale gegen Albuquerque Dukes, 3-01979 Pacific Coast League 80-682.Jimy WilliamsGewonnen Halbfinale gegen Albuquerque Dukes, 2-0 Gewann Championship gegen Hawaii Islanders, 3-01979 Coastal Union. Pacific Coast League 63-716thMoose Stubing1982Pacific Coast League73 -704.Bobby FloydVerlor das Halbfinale gegen Albuquerque Dukes, 2-01983Pacific Coast League67-757.Bobby Floyd1984Pacific Coast League74-662ndBobby FloydV erlor das Halbfinale gegen Trance2 Edmon3
Salt Lake City (often abbreviated as Salt Lake, abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and most populous city of Utah, and the seat of Salt Lake County, Utah's most populous county. With a 2020 population of 199,723[9], the city is the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which had a population of 1,257,936 as of the 2020 census. Salt Lake City is also located within a larger metropolitan area known as the Salt Lake City-Ogden-Provo Combined Statistical Area, a continuous corridor of urban and suburban growth that stretches along a 120-mile (190-kilometer) portion of the Wasatch Front, Including: Population 2,606,548 (2018 est.)[10] The 22nd largest in the country. It is also the central core of the largest of only two major urban areas in the Great Basin (the other being Reno, Nevada).
Salt Lake City was founded in 1847 by early pioneer settlers led by Brigham Young, who wanted to escape the persecution they experienced while living further east. Mormon pioneers, as they came to be called, entered a semi-arid valley and immediately began planning and building an extensive irrigation network to support the population and encourage future growth. The street grid system of Salt Lake City adopts a standard compass grid, with the southeast corner of Temple Square (the area where the Salt Lake Temple is located in the center of Salt Lake City) as the origin of the Salt Lake meridian. The city was originally named Great Salt Lake City because of its proximity to the Great Salt Lake. In 1868, the word "big" was removed from the town name. [11]
The immigration of international members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, a mining boom, and the construction of the first transcontinental railroad brought initial economic growth, and the city earned the nickname "The Crossroads of the West." In 1913, the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental road, passed through here. Today, two major interstates, I-15 and I-80, converge in the city. The city also has a beltway, I-215.
Το Salt Lake City έχει αναπτύξει μια ισχυρή τουριστική βιομηχανία που βασίζεται κυρίως στο σκι και την υπαίθρια αναψυχή. Οι Χειμερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες του 2002 διεξήχθησαν εδώ. Είναι γνωστή για την πολιτικά φιλελεύθερη και ποικιλόμορφη κουλτούρα της, η οποία έρχεται σε αντίθεση με τις υπόλοιπες συντηρητικές τάσεις του κράτους.[12] Είναι το σπίτι μιας σημαντικής LGBT κοινότητας και φιλοξενεί το ετήσιο Φεστιβάλ Υπερηφάνειας της Γιούτα.[13] Είναι το βιομηχανικό τραπεζικό κέντρο των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών.[14] Η περιοχή του Σολτ Λέικ Σίτι φιλοξενεί επίσης πολλά κολέγια, συμπεριλαμβανομένου του κορυφαίου ερευνητικού σχολείου της πολιτείας, του Πανεπιστημίου της Γιούτα. Οι επίμονες ξηρασίες στη Γιούτα έχουν επηρεάσει πρόσφατα την ασφάλεια του νερού του Σολτ Λέικ Σίτι, προκαλώντας πτώση της Μεγάλης Σαλτ Λέικ σε χαμηλά επίπεδα ρεκόρ.[15][16] Εκατοντάδες μίλια ξεραμένων δαπέδων λίμνης εκθέτουν τα εκατομμύρια της Γιούτα σε καταιγίδες σκόνης με αρσενικό και άλλα τοξικά στοιχεία. Περιεχόμενα1 Ιστορία2 Γεωγραφία2.1 Διάταξη2.2 Αστικό τοπίο2.3 Γειτονιές2.4 Κλίμα2.5 Πάρκα2.5.1 Πάρκα Πόλεων3 Δημογραφικά στοιχεία4Οικονομία5Νόμος και Κυβέρνηση6Εκπαίδευση7Πολιτισμός7.1Μουσεία και Τέχνες7.2Τέχνες του θεάματος7.3Εκδηλώσεις7.3Μουσική Σημαντικά ορόσημα9Αθλητισμός και αναψυχή9.1Επαγγελματικός αθλητισμός9.2Ερασιτεχνικός Αθλητισμός10Μεταφορές1 0 1Δρόμοι10.2Δημόσιες συγκοινωνίες10.2.1Μεταφορά με συγκοινωνίες με λεωφορεία10.2.2Ελαφρύς σιδηρόδρομος10.2.3S-Bahn10.2.4Υπεραστικά λεωφορεία και σιδηροδρομικές μεταφορές10.3Αεροπορικές μεταφορές10.4Ποδηλασία11Δίδυμα πλοία1Αριθ. s15Περισσότερη ανάγνωση16Εξωτερικοί σύνδεσμοιΙστορικό Ονόματα ιθαγενών Αμερικανών για Σολτ Λέικ ΣίτιΑραπάχο : Niico'ooowu' [17]Gosiute Shoshoni: Tit '-so-piNavajo: SooléíShoshoni: Soónkahni[18]Κύριο άρθρο: Ιστορία της Σολτ Λέικ ΣίτιΕξωτερικό βίντεο1866 Εβδομαδιαία άποψη της Χάρπερ της Σολτ Λέικ Σίτι, Γιούτα με τον Μπρίγκαμ Γιανγκ (Μορμόνος) - Geographicus Cities Changed America, WTTW, 56: 02, τμήμα από 12:00–16:20[19]Πριν από την εγκατάσταση από μέλη της Εκκλησίας του Ιησού Χριστού, οι Shoshone, Weber Ute[20] και Paiute[21] Άγιοι των Τελευταίων Ημερών είχαν έζησε στο Salt για χιλιάδες χρόνια Lake Valley. Την εποχή της ίδρυσης του Σολτ Λέικ Σίτι, η κοιλάδα βρισκόταν στην επικράτεια του Βορειοδυτικού Σοσόουν.[22] Μια τοπική φυλή Shoshone, η φυλή Western Goshute, είχε ονόματα για τον ποταμό Ιορδάνη, το City Creek και το Red Butte Canyon (Pi'o-gwût, So'ho-gwût και Mo'ni-wai-ni).[23] Οι Γκοσούτες (ή Γκοσιούτες) ζούσαν επίσης κοντά στη Σαλτ Λέικ και στις κοιλάδες στα δυτικά.[24] Η γη αντιμετωπίστηκε ως δημόσια περιουσία από τις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες. Ούτε ένας Βορειοδυτικός τίτλος των Ιθαγενών Αμερικανών Shoshone δεν έχει εκχωρηθεί ή παραιτηθεί ποτέ με συνθήκη με τις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες.[25] Ο πρώτος εξερευνητής ευρωπαϊκής καταγωγής στην περιοχή του Σολτ Λέικ ήταν πιθανώς ο Τζιμ Μπρίτζερ το 1825, αν και άλλοι είχαν πάει στη Γιούτα νωρίτερα, συμπεριλαμβανομένων μερικών που ταξίδεψαν βόρεια ως την κοντινή κοιλάδα της Γιούτα (η αποστολή Dominguez-Escalante από το 1776 αναμφίβολα γνώριζε το Salt) . ύπαρξη της κοιλάδας της λίμνης). Ο αξιωματικός του αμερικανικού στρατού John C. Frémont ερεύνησε το Great Salt Lake και την Salt Lake Valley το 1843 και το 1845.[26] Το Donner Party, μια ομάδα άτυχων πρωτοπόρων, είχε ταξιδέψει στην κοιλάδα Great Salt Lake τον Αύγουστο του 1846. Salt Lake City περίπου το 1880 από τον Carleton E. WatkinsΟ οικισμός του Salt Lake City χρονολογείται από την άφιξη των Αγίων των Τελευταίων Ημερών τον Ιούλιο του 1847.[27] Είχαν ταξιδέψει πέρα ​​από τα σύνορα των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών στην επικράτεια του Μεξικού[28] και έψαχναν για μια απομονωμένη περιοχή όπου θα μπορούσαν να ασκούν τη θρησκεία τους με ασφάλεια μακριά από τη βία και τη δίωξη που βίωναν στις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες. Φτάνοντας στην Κοιλάδα του Σολτ Λέικ, ο Πρόεδρος της Εκκλησίας Μπρίγκαμ Γιανγκ αναφέρεται ότι είπε: «Αυτό είναι το μέρος, συνεχίστε». Λέγεται ότι ο Μπρίγκαμ Γιανγκ είδε την περιοχή σε όραμα πριν φτάσει το τρένο του βαγονιού. Βρήκαν την πλατιά κοιλάδα χωρίς ανθρώπινη εγκατάσταση.Μέρος της Main Street, 1890 Η κοιλάδα κατοικήθηκε από έναν Ινδικό πληθυσμό, αλλά ένα ξέσπασμα ιλαράς το χειμώνα του 1847 σκότωσε πολλούς.[29] Το Shoshone έσωσε τους πρωτοπόρους όταν τους δίδαξαν να τρώνε τον βολβό του ιθαγενούς κρίνου sego, που ήταν από καιρό μέρος της κοινής δίαιτας Shoshone, καθώς το «sego» προέρχεται από τη λέξη Shoshone «seego».[30][31] Το Sego Lily τιμήθηκε με το Sego Lily Dam, ένα έργο υποδομής για τον έλεγχο των πλημμυρών με τη μορφή ενός γιγαντιαίου Sego Lily που κατασκευάστηκε στο Sugar House Park το 2017.[32]
Four days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young designated the site for the Salt Lake Temple. The Salt Lake Temple was built on the block that became Temple Square and took 40 years to complete. Construction began in 1853 and was consecrated on April 6, 1893. The temple has become a symbol and focal point of the city. The southeast corner of Temple Square is the reference point for the Salt Lake Meridian and for all directions within the Salt Lake Valley.
In 1849, pioneers formed a state called the Desert State and asked for recognition. The U.S. Congress rejected the colonists in 1850, creating the Utah Territory, greatly reducing the territory and designating Fillmore as its capital. Great Salt Lake City replaced Fillmore as the state capital in 1856 and was later simply known as Salt Lake City. The town's population continued to grow with an influx of converts from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and gold prospectors, making it one of the most populous towns in the American Wild West.
The first settlers brought African slaves, making Utah the only place in the western United States where African slavery existed. [33] In 1847, three slaves, Green Flake, Hark Lay, and Oscar Crosby, came west with the first settlers. [34] The colonists also began to buy Indian slaves from the established Indian slave trade[35] and enslave Indian prisoners of war. [36][37] In 1850, there were 26 slaves in Salt Lake County. [29] In 1852, the territorial legislature passed the Indian Slave and Convict Service and Relief Act, officially legalizing slavery in the Territory. Slavery was abolished in the area during the Civil War.
Explorer, ethnologist and author Richard Francis Burton took a stagecoach journey to Great Salt Lake City in the summer of 1860 to document life. During his three-week visit, he was granted unprecedented access, including meetings with Brigham Young and other contemporaries of Joseph Smith. Records of his visits include sketches of the town's early buildings, descriptions of local geography and agriculture, comments on its political and social order, essays, speeches, and Sermons, and life like daily quote clippings and menus for high society balls. [38] Men relax outside salons and Chinese laundries in a 1910 dispute with the federal government over the practice of polygamy in the Church. The Utah War culminated in 1857 when President James Buchanan declared the territory in rebellion after Brigham Young refused to resign as governor. A division of the American Army, commanded by future Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston, advanced into the city and found it evacuated. They continued on their way, passed through the deserted city, and came to the wasteland at the southwest corner of the valley. There they established Camp Floyd (40 miles (64 kilometers) south of the city). Another military installation, Fort Douglas, was built in 1862 to support Union causes during the American Civil War. During the 1880's, a number of Dominion leaders were imprisoned in the Dominion Prison at Sugar House for violating laws prohibiting polygamy. In 1890, the Church began to permanently abolish polygamy by issuing a "Proclamation", formally proposing that members abide by the laws of the land (corresponding to the prohibition of new polygamous marriages within the United States and its territories, but excluding church members in settled America). Canada and Mexico). This paved the way for Salt Lake City to become the state capital in 1896.
The first transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869 at Promontory Summit[a] on the north side of the Great Salt Lake. [39] In 1870, the Transcontinental Railroad linked the cities by rail, making travel a breeze. What followed was a mass migration of various groups. The Chinese (who laid much of the Central Pacific Railroad) established a thriving Chinatown in Salt Lake City, nicknamed "Plum Blossom Lane," where some 1,800 Chinese lived in the early 20th century. The Chinese shop and residence were demolished in 1952, but a historic marker was placed near the parking ramp that replaced Plum Lane. Immigrants also found economic opportunity in the growing mining industry. Remnants of the once-thriving Japantown—a Buddhist temple and a Japanese Christian church—remain in downtown Salt Lake City. European national and missionary groups on the east coast built St. Mark's Episcopal Cathedral in 1874, the B'nai Israel Temple in 1890, the Roman Catholic Madeleine Cathedral in 1909, and the Greek Orthodox Holy Trinity in 1923. a cathedral. Today's foundation isn't Salt Lake City's longest-running red-light district, which employed 300 prostitutes at its peak before closing in 1911 in the late 1800s and early 2000s. The first streetcar was introduced in 1872 and the system was electrified in 1889. . As in other parts of the country, cars replaced trams, the last of which were allowed to be converted in 1941, but continued until 1945 due to World War II. The tram operated until 1946. Railroad train service returned to the city with UTA's TRAX opening in 1999. [41] S Line (formerly known as Sugar House Streetcar) began operating on the old D&RGW right-of-way in December 2013. [42][43]
The urban population began to stagnate in the 20th century as population growth shifted to the suburbs north and south of the city. Some of these districts were incorporated into cities, while surrounding towns were incorporated and expanded. As a result, the surrounding metropolitan area has a significantly larger population than Salt Lake City. A major focus of government officials these days has been how to deal with the city's business decline. The city's population declined from the 1960s to the 1980s, but experienced some recovery in the 1990s. Currently, the city's population has increased by about 5 percent since 2000. [44]
The city has undergone major demographic changes in recent years. [45] Hispanics now make up approximately 22 percent of the population, and the city has a significant LGBT community. [46] There is also a large Pacific Islander population (mainly Samoans and Tongans; they make up about 2% of the population of the Salt Lake Valley).
Salt Lake City was chosen in 1995 to host the 2002 Winter Olympics. The Olympics are full of controversy. A bidding scandal erupted in 1998, alleging that bribes had been paid to secure a successful bid. There were other scandals about questionable scores and illegal drug use during the tournament. Despite the controversy, the games have been hailed as financial successes and are among the few profitable games in recent history. In preparation, the main construction project started. Local highways were upgraded and repaired, and a light rail system was built. Olympic venues are now used for local, national and international sporting events and for the training of Olympic athletes. [47] Tourism has increased since the Olympics,[48][Verification failed], but business failed to take off soon after. [49] Salt Lake City expressed interest in bidding for the 2022 Winter Olympics. [50][51] However, Beijing was selected as the venue for the 2022 Winter Olympics. [52]
Salt Lake City hosted the 16th Deaf Winter Games in 2007, held at the Salt Lake and Park City venues,[53] and Rotary International chose the city to host its 2007 General Assembly, the largest single event in the world since Salt Lake City Events City 2002 Winter Olympics[54] US Congress Volleyball Association 2005 attracted 39,500 participants. Geography main article: Salt Lake City Geography
Salt Lake County Satellite Photo
Astronaut photo of Salt Lake International Airport west of SLC taken from the International Space Station (ISS). North sinks
Salt Lake City and adjacent suburbs, overlooking South Salt Lake City, has an area of ​​110.4 square miles (286 square kilometers) and an average elevation of 4,327 feet (1,319 m). The lowest point within the city limits is at 4,210 feet (1,280 m) near the Jordan River and the Great Salt Flats, and the highest point is Grandview Peak[57] at 9,410 feet (2,868 m). [58]
The city is located in the northeast corner of the Salt Lake Valley, bounded by the Great Salt Flats to the northwest, the steep Wasatch Mountains to the east, and the Oquill Mountains to the west. The surrounding mountains contain several narrow canyons, such as City Creek, Immigrant, Mill Creek, and Paley Canyon, which border the city's eastern boundary.
The growing population of Salt Lake City and the surrounding metropolitan area, as well as its geographic location, mean that air quality has become an issue. The Great Basin experiences severe temperature inversions during the winter, causing pollutants to linger and affect air quality. The Utah Department of Air Quality monitors air quality and issues voluntary and mandatory action notices when air pollution exceeds federal safety standards. The protest took place in front of the Utah State Capitol, where Democratic lawmakers passed legislation to make public transportation free in January and July, when air quality is typically at its worst. [59] The population of the Salt Lake City metro area is estimated to double by 2040, putting further pressure on the region's air quality. [60]
The Great Salt Lake is separated from Salt Lake City by vast swamps and mudflats. The metabolic activity of bacteria in the lake leads to a phenomenon known as "sea stink," an odor reminiscent of rotting poultry eggs that persists for several hours two or three times a year. [61] The Jordan River runs through the city and is the waterway of Lake Utah that flows into the Great Salt Flats.
The tallest mountain visible from Salt Lake City is Twin Peaks, at 11,330 feet (3,450 meters). [62] Twin Peaks is located in the Wasatch Mountains southeast of Salt Lake City. The Wasatch Fault, located in the western foothills of the Wasatch River, is thought to be particularly vulnerable to a magnitude 7.5 earthquake. In the event of an earthquake, catastrophic damage is expected, with major damage caused by the liquefaction of the sticky sand and the possible permanent flooding of parts of the city by the Great Salt Lake. [63] On March 18, 2020, an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.7, the strongest in modern times, occurred in the southwest of Salt Lake City. It hit Magna, southwest of Salt Lake City, and the entire valley was slightly damaged. [64]
The second tallest mountain range is the Oquirrhs, reaching 10,620 feet (3,237 meters) at the flat summit. [65] To the south, the east-west Traverse Range rises to 6,000 feet (1,830 m) and nearly joins the Wasatch and Oquill Ranges. The mountains near Salt Lake City are clearly visible from the city and feature sharp vertical relief from ancient earthquakes, with a maximum drop of 7,099 feet (2,164 m) as twin peaks rise from the valley floor of Salt Lake. [62] ]
At the bottom of the Salt Lake Valley is the ancient bottom of Lake Bonneville that existed at the end of the last Ice Age. Many of the shores of Lake Bonneville are clearly visible, as terraced fields at the foot of the mountain or on the shores of nearby mountains. Panorama of Salt Lake City, June 2009. site map
Salt Lake City map, circa 1870s. Cities and regions are drawn on a grid plan. [66] Most major roads move strongly in the north-south and east-west directions. The origin of the grid is at the southeast corner of Temple Square, the block that contains the Salt Lake Temple. The north-south axis is Main Street. The east-west axis is Nanmiao Street. Addresses are coordinates (similar to latitude and longitude) within the system. The numbering of odd and even addresses depends on the quadrant of the grid in which the address is located. Rules apply: you are off the center of the grid (Temple Square) or its axis (Main Street, South Temple Street), odd numbers are on the left side of the street.
The roads were relatively wide at the request of Brigham Young, who wanted them to be wide enough for a cow to turn around without "recourse to the curse". [67] These broad streets and grid patterns were characteristic of other pioneer Mormon cities throughout the West.
Although the nomenclature may initially confuse newcomers and visitors, most people think of a grid system as a navigation aid. Some streets have names, such as State Street, that would otherwise be known as 100 East. Other streets have honorary names, such as the western portion of 300 South being named "Adam Galvez Street" (after local Marines who died in battle) or other honors for Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., César Chávez, named milk by Harvey and John Stockton. These values ​​only appear on road signs and cannot be used for postal addresses. The Salt Palace Convention Center is in the Avenues neighborhood, with north-south streets numbered alphabetically and east-west streets numbered in 2.5-acre (1.0-hectare) blocks, smaller than elsewhere in the city. Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter-day Saints movement, draws the layout on the "Plan of the City of Zion" (intended to be the model for whatever Mormon city was built). In his plan, the city would be developed on 135 plots of 4.0 hectares. However, apartment buildings in Salt Lake City became irregular in the late 19th century, when the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints lost authority over development, and before zoning ordinances were enacted in the 1920s. The first 10 acres (4.0 ha) allowed for large garden plots, many of which were irrigated from ditches roughly where the modern curbs and gutters would be. The original water supply came from City Creek. Later developments in water resources come from streams flowing more and more south from the mountains east of the city. Some old irrigation ditches are still visible or marked on maps of the eastern suburbs years after they disappeared. There are still some canals that provide water under water rights. Many properties in the Salt Lake City area have irrigation rights. Local water systems, especially utilities in Salt Lake City, tend to buy or trade these water rights. This water can then be used in exchange for cooking water rights for water imported into the valley. At its peak, the valley's irrigation system consisted of more than a hundred different canal systems, many of which flowed from the Jordan Strait at the valley's southern end. Water and water rights were very important in the 19th and early 20th centuries. As heavy agricultural use shifts to more urban and suburban patterns, sewage treatment facilities are gradually being replaced by potable water systems in the restaurant industry.
Cityscape See also: Downtown Salt Lake City and List of Tallest Buildings in Salt Lake City
Panoramic view of Salt Lake City from the Dooly Building in 1913. Notable buildings from left to right: Salt Lake Temple, Utah Hotel, Kearns Building, Capitol Theater, Walker Center, City and County Building, Boston and Newhouse Building, and Newhouse Hotel. Downtown Salt Lake City is the commercial heart of Intermountain West, and its architecture reflects that history. Main Street was the city's main commercial thoroughfare in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, in the heart of the historic city center, starting at the Salt Lake Temple and ending at the City and County Buildings. Halfway between the two buildings is the Walker Center on the corner of Main and 200 South. When it was constructed in 1912, it was the tallest building between Chicago and San Francisco. Other surviving antebellum buildings include the Kearns Building, Hotel Monaco, First Security Building,[68] Joseph Smith Memorial (formerly Utah Hotel), Boston and Newhouse Buildings,[69] Utah State Capitol and Clift Tower building. Salt Lake City has two historic passenger terminals, the Denver and Rio Grande West stations and the Union Pacific station, the latter located in the Gateway District today. Salt Lake City lost many important buildings in the 20th century to forces such as urban renewal, including the Louis Sullivan-designed Dooley Building, the Newhouse Hotel, and the Salt Lake City Theatre. 100 South showcases the new 111 Main office tower and site for the Eccles Theatre. TRAX follows the Main through the city center. After a stagnant period in the era of urban sprawl and the construction of TRAX in the late 90s and City Creek Center in the early 2010s, Downtown Salt Lake City is going through a period of renaissance. Empty lots and older buildings are being converted into apartments and offices,[71] and the city has begun closing major streets to vehicles on summer weekends to encourage pedestrian activity and businesses. [72] As of April 2021, more than 5,000 new homes are planned or under construction in the downtown area[73], and many new breweries and restaurants have opened over the past decade. Once the city's red-light district in the early 20th century, Regent Street has recently undergone a refurbishment with the addition of some notable buildings, including the 2,468-seat Eccles Theater and the adjacent 24-storey office building 111 Main.
A distinctive feature of Salt Lake City's cityscape are the very large parcels, measuring 660 feet in size and separated by streets 132 feet wide, making them one of the largest parcels in the United States. [74] This and the resulting development pattern gave the city and its architecture a unique sense of scale, but also posed clear challenges to the city's walkability, as many streets had six lanes. On the other hand, extra-wide streets have facilitated the creation of dedicated bus lanes and streetcar lanes, and many streets are now being redesigned, including protected bike lanes, linear parks, and even spaces for urban development within the median. [75] The city government also encourages new projects to incorporate median walkways and other downsizing strategies into the design to encourage pedestrian participation. [76]
Communities See also: Salt Lake City Communities and List of Buildings and Locations in Salt Lake City, Utah § Communities and Districts Salt Lake City has several different municipalities. There is a pervasive East-West socioeconomic divide. Eastern neighborhoods like Avenues, 9th & 9th, Yalecrest, Federal Heights, and Sugar House tend to be wealthier. These areas are popular with professionals, families and students because of their proximity to downtown, the University of Utah, business parks and the foothills of the Wasatch Mountains. The city's western neighborhoods, such as Poplar Grove, Rose Park and Glendale, tend to be working-class and racially diverse, popular with immigrants and young people.
This gap is due to the construction of the railway line on the west half and the panorama of the sloping terrain to the east. On the west side, housing is more economically diverse, leading to demographic disparities. Interstate 15 was also built in a north-south direction, further dividing the east and west sides of the city. Sugar House Sugar House is located in Southeast Salt Lake City, known for its old neighborhood with small downtown shops. [77] ] Sugar House was the focus of redevelopment efforts such as the UTA S-Line streetcar. At the end of 2015, there were approximately 900 new or under-construction housing units in the Sugar House area, with an additional 492 planned. [78]
Northeast of downtown is The Avenues, a neighborhood of smaller blocks off the regular grid system. The area between Sixth Avenue and South Temple Street is a historic neighborhood that is almost entirely residential and contains many historic Victorian buildings. More recently, the avenue has become known for its restaurants and shops in the former retail space of the community center. The avenue is on the riverbank at the foot of the Wasatch Mountains, and the oldest homes are on the lower floors. The Avenues and Federal Heights east and north of the University of Utah and the Foothill area south of the University include gated communities, large multi-million dollar homes and panoramic valley views. Many consider this one of the most desirable properties in the valley.
In addition to larger centers like Sugar House and Downtown, Salt Lake City has many smaller neighborhoods, each named after the nearest major intersection. Two examples are the 9th and 9th (900 East and 900 South) and 15th and 15th (1500 East and 1500 South) blocks. These areas are home to walkable, convenience-focused businesses such as art galleries, clothing retailers, salons, restaurants, and coffee shops. In the summer of 2007, 9th and 9th Streets saw sidewalk and street improvements, as well as an art installation by Troy Pillow in Seattle, Washington, inspired by the nine muses of Greek mythology, thanks in part to Salt Lake city ​​support.
Many of the homes in the valley predate World War II, and only certain areas, such as Federal Heights and East Bench, and the far west side, including parts of Rose Park and Glendale, have seen new housing construction since the 1970s.
KlimaHauptartikel: Klima von Salt Lake City
Köppen climate type in Utah Salt Lake City has a cool semi-arid climate (BSk), but borders on a Mediterranean climate (Csa), with hot, dry summers and cold, wet winters that are rarely cold. Monsoon activity in late summer and early autumn ensures that rainfall remains fairly constant throughout the year, with the exception of early and mid-summer. Temperatures in the Salt Lake City area are determined by its unique geography, which generally prevents extremes in high and low temperatures. [79]
Salt Lake City's primary source of precipitation is the massive storms that roll in from the Pacific Ocean along the jet stream from October to May. In mid-to-late summer, when the jet stream recedes northward, precipitation comes primarily from afternoon thunderstorms driven by rising monsoon moisture in the Gulf of California. While torrential rains are possible, these storms tend to be scattered and rarely violent. However, on August 11, 1999, an F2 tornado struck downtown, killing one person, injuring 60, and causing $170 million in damage. Tropical cyclone remnants from the eastern Pacific rarely reach the city in the fall. In September 1982, the remnants of Hurricane Olivia helped produce a record monthly rainfall of 7.04 inches (179 mm). [80][81] 1983 was the wettest year on record with 24.26 inches (616 mm) of rainfall, while 1979 was the driest with 8.70 inches (221 mm) of rainfall. [82] Spring snowmelt from the surrounding mountains can cause localized stream flooding in late spring and early summer. The worst examples came in 1952, and especially in 1983, when City Creek burst its banks (a major spring flood caused the stream in Memory Grove to wash away). At City Creek, it filled a largely flooded waterway that stretched westward from North Temple Street to the Jordan River, forcing city engineers to convert several downtown streets into waterways. [83]
Salt Lake City, Utah Climate Map (Description) JFMAMJJASOND 1.3 3722 1.3 4325 1.8 5434 2 6240 2 7248 1 8356 0.6 9365 0.7 91631515121. .4 382 3 Average High and Low Temperatures in °F. Total rainfall in inches. Metric conversion. Snowfall averages from November 6 to April 18, with a total average snowfall of 60 inches (152 cm), although measurable snow falls as early as September 17 and as late as May 28. [84][85][86] The snowiest season was 1951-52 with 117.3 inches (298 cm) and 1933-34 with 16.6 inches (42 cm). [87] The snowiest month on record was January 1993 with 50.3 inches (128 cm). [88]
The nearby Great Salt Lake is the city's main source of rainfall. The lake effect can enhance precipitation from summer storms, producing approximately 6 to 8 times as much lake effect snow per year, some of which result in significant snowfall. It is estimated that about 10 percent of the city's annual rainfall is due to the lake effect. [89]
The temperature in Salt Lake City varies greatly from season to season. Summer averages 56 days of at least 90°F (32.2°C) per year, 23 days of at least 95°F (35°C), and five days of 100°F (37.8°C). C).[90] However, the average daily humidity in July is only 22%. [91] Winters are cold but rarely freeze. While there were an average of 127 days at or below zero and 26 days with high temperatures below freezing, the city averaged only 6.3 days at or below 10°F (-12.2°C). All-time highs of 107°F (42°C), first set on July 26, 1960, July 13, 2002, and most recently June 15, 2021, and all-time lows of −30 °F (−34°C). , which occurred on February 9, 1933. [92]
In mid-winter, powerful anticyclones often gather over the Great Basin, causing strong temperature inversions. This has resulted in stagnant air and dense fog in the valley for days to weeks and could lead to some of the worst air pollution levels in the country. [93][94] The same effect occasionally plays out in summer, causing tropospheric ozone to peak in July and August, but in 2015 it started in early June. [95] In 2016, the American Lung Association ranked Salt Lake City's air quality as the sixth worst in the nation. Class F for ozone and fine dust. Fine dust pollution is considered particularly dangerous because microscopic pollutants can penetrate deep into lung tissue. Both ozone and particulate pollution have been linked to increased rates of stroke, heart attack, respiratory disease, cancer and premature death. [96] Particulate matter in ambient air is associated with low and very low birth weight, preterm birth, birth defects, and death. [97]
Severe drought and water diversions have shrunk the size of the Great Salt Lake by more than half to its lowest level on record,[98] drying up hundreds of square miles of the lake bed and threatening millions of people living in rapidly growing metropolitan areas . Dust storms that contain arsenic and other toxic chemicals. [99][100] Approximately 65 percent of the diversion water is used for agriculture,[101] but as Utah's population grew, the need for water increased rapidly. [99]
Climate data for Salt Lake City International Airport (1991-2020 normal values, [b] extreme values ​​from 1874 to present) [c] Parks Salt Lake City's largest park is This Is the Place Heritage Park, which is part of the Utah State Park System . [106] This is the Place Heritage Park covers 217.5 hectares and recreates typical 19th century pioneer life, including more than 50 restored or reconstructed historic buildings. This is Monument Place, which is also in the park and marks the end of the Mormon Trail.
At 110 acres (45 hectares), Sugar House Park is the second largest park in Salt Lake City and part of the Salt Lake County Park System. The park is known for its massive rolling hills surrounding a 4-acre lake with fountains. [107] Until 2018, it was the site of the annual July 4th fireworks display.
The Red Butte Garden and Arboretum in the foothills of Salt Lake City has many different exhibits and many concerts. Operated by the University of Utah.
City Parks Salt Lake City has a system of 85 city parks. [108] In addition to the above, some of the most notable are:
Liberty Park (100 acres)[109] is one of the oldest parks in the city, established in 1881, and features a small lake with two islands and the Tracy Aviary. The park is home to a large number of birds, including wild birds and bird species. City Creek Park (4 acres)[110]Pioneer Park (10 acres)[111]Lindsey Gardens (15.25 acres). (6.17 ha))[112] Gilgal Gardens (3 acres (1.2 ha))[113] Jordan Park (33.5 acres (13.6 ha)) is home to the International Peace Garden. The Bonneville Shoreline Trail is a popular hiking and biking nature trail that runs 90 miles (140 kilometers) along the foothills of the Wasatch Front. Demographics Historical Census Population. 76861.6%189044.843115.9%1900119.531% 16, 11025.1%1930140.26720.8%1940149.9346.9%1950182.12121.5%19 60189.4544.0%1970175.8 85−7 ,2%19803163.2%1980163.2% 1980163.2% 1980163. 000181.74313.6%2010186.4402. 6% 2020199.7237.1% Source: [114] United States. Decennial Census [115] 2019 Estimates [116] Racial Composition 2020 [117] 2010 [118] 1990 [119] 1970 [119] 1950 [119] White 68.4% 75.1% 87.0n% 96. 65.7% 82.6% 90.6%[120]n/a Black or African American 2.9%2.6%1.7%1.2%0.6% Hispanic or Latino (any race) 20.8%22.3%9.7%6.4%[120] n/ a Asian (including Pacific Islanders until 1990) 5.5%4.4%4.7%1.1%1, 0% Pacific Islander 2.1%2.0%n/a/a/a Native American and Alaska Native 1.4%1.2%n/ a/a/ in two or more races 4 . 2% 3.7% n/a/ on/a
Salt Lake City Racial Distribution Map, 2010 U.S. Census. Each point represents 25 people: ⬤ White ⬤ Black ⬤ Asian ⬤ Hispanic ⬤ Other estimates from the US Census Bureau for 2019 [121] list Salt Lake City as 200,567 people. The county's racial makeup was 65.8% non-Hispanic white, 2.6% black, 1.5% Native American, 5.4% Asian, 1.6% Pacific Islander, and 3.3% two or more races. 21.8% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race.
As of the 2010 census, Salt Lake City's population was 75.1% White, 2.6% African American, 1.2% Native American and Alaska Native, 4.4% Asian, 2.0% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific, 10.7% Other Race and 3.7% mixed race. 22.3% of the total population is Hispanic or Latino of any race. [122] Historically, the city's population has been predominantly white. [119] Between 1860 and 1950, approximately 99 percent of the city's population was white, but this changed over the next few decades. [119]
In 2010, 37.0% of the population had a bachelor degree or above. 18.5 percent of the population was born abroad, and another 1.1 percent were born in Puerto Rico, the U.S. island territories, or to U.S. parents abroad. 27.0% spoke a language other than English at home.
The city's resident population is 186,440 (181,743 in 2000), 75,177 households, and 57,543 households. This equates to 6.75% of the population of Utah, 18.11% of the population of Salt Lake County, and 16.58% of the population of the new Salt Lake City metro area. [6] The area within the city limits includes 14.2 percent of Salt Lake County. Salt Lake City has a population density of 1,688.77/sqmi (1,049.36/km2), which is higher than the surrounding metropolitan area. There are 80,724 dwellings with an average density of 731.2/square meter (454.35/square kilometer).
The Salt Lake City-Ogden metropolitan area, which includes Salt Lake City, Davis County, and Weber County, had a population of 1,333,914 in 2000, a 24.4 percent increase from 1990's population of 1,072,227. As of the 2000 census, the Eleomiteau census added the county to the Salt Lake City-Lake City metropolitan area, but removed Davis and Weber counties and designated them as separate Ogden-Clearfield metropolitan areas. As of July 1, 2008, the combined population of the Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield Combined Statistical Area and the southern Provo-Orem metro area was 2,094,035.
75,177 households, of which 27.0% have children under the age of 18, 41.1% are married couples living together, 10.2% are female heads without a husband, and 44.3% are other types of households. Among the 75,177 households, 3904 are single-person households: There are 3,047 heterosexuals, 458 homosexuals and 399 females. 33.2% of households consisted of individuals, and 9.7% of households included someone 65 or older. The average family size is 2.48 and the average family size is 3.24.
Urban age distribution (since 2000):
23.6% less than 1815.2% from 18 to 2433.4% from 25 to 4416.7% from 45 to 6411.0% 65 and over The average age is 30. There were 102.6 men for every 100 women. There were 101.2 men for every 100 women aged 18 and over. The median household income in the city is $36,944, and the median household income is $45,140. Men earned a median of $31,511, compared with $26,403 for women. The city's per capita income is $20,752. 15.3% of the population and 10.4% of households live below the poverty line. Of the total population, 18.7% of those under 18 and 8.5% of those over 65 live below the poverty line.
Large families and low job vacancies drive up housing costs along the Wasatch Front, leaving one in six residents living below the poverty line.
Salt Lake City has the highest income inequality in Utah, according to the Census Bureau's 2017 American Community Survey. Salt Lake City's GINI score was 0.4929 compared to 0.423 statewide. The West Salt Lake area has the lowest incomes, while areas such as Upper Avenue have much higher incomes. Other Utah cities with relatively high scores include Provo, with a score of 0.4734. and Ogden, 0.4632. [123]
Less than 50 percent of Salt Lake City residents are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. That's much lower than in rural Utah communities. In total, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints make up approximately 62 percent of Utah's population. [124]
Spanish is the primary language in the Rose Park and Glendale sections, and 60 percent of public school children are Hispanic and Latino. [125] Centro Civico Mexicano was the community meeting place for the approximately 300,000 Latin Americans of the Wasatch Front. [126] Mexican President Vicente Fox began his 2006 trip to the United States in Salt Lake City.
Salt Lake City is home to a Bosnian-American community of more than 8,000 residents, most of whom arrived during the Bosnian War in the 1990s. [127] Large numbers of Pacific Islanders, primarily Samoans and Tongans, also live in the Rose Park, Glendale, and Poplar Grove areas. Most Pacific Islanders in Salt Lake City are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,[128] although there are various Samoan and Tongan-speaking churches throughout the Salt Lake area, including the Tongan Wesleyan Methodist Church in Samoa, and Roman Catholics. Just outside Salt Lake City's borders are newcomer communities, including Nepalese and Karen refugees from Burma (formerly Burma). Salt Lake City also has the third largest Sri Lankan community in the United States. [129]
Salt Lake City was named one of the top 51 "Gay Places to Live" in the United States. [130] The city has a large, entrepreneurial, organized and politically supported gay community. The leader of the Episcopal Diocese[131][132] in Utah, the leader of the largest Jewish community in Utah, Salt Lake Cole Ami[133], and three elected officials in the city all identified as gay. The developments have sparked controversy among socially conservative officials representing the rest of the state. In a 2015 Williams Institute comparison of the 50 most populous metro areas, SLC ranked No. 7 among metro areas, up from No. 39 in 1990, according to Gallup's daily tracker and the U.S. Census. [134]
In 2007, Salt Lake City was named the most vain city in America by Forbes, outpacing similarly sized cities based on the number of plastic surgeons per 100,000 people and their cosmetic consumption patterns. [135] According to Forbes, the city is also the eighth largest. Contrary to Forbes' 2007 ranking, a 2010 study by and business journals concluded that Salt Lake City is the least stressful city in America. [136] In 2014, CNN named Salt Lake City the least stressful city in America, citing its low cost of living and job opportunities. [137]
A 2008 study in the journals Men's Health and Women's Health found that Salt Lake City was the healthiest city for women. Thirty-eight different factors were examined, including cancer incidence, air quality and gym membership. [138]
Economy Main article: Salt Lake City economy
Recreational tourism in the Wasatch Mountains is a major source of employment.
Zions Bancorporation headquarters in Salt Lake City Ambox current red Asia Australia.svg This section needs updating. Please help update this article to reflect current events or newly available information. (July 2014) Historically known as the "Crossroads of the West" for its railroads, nearby steel, mining and railroad businesses, including Silver King Coalition Mines, Geneva Steel, Bingham Canyon Mine and Salt oil, provided powerful Sources of income Lake City's modern economy is dominated by the service industry. Today, the city's major sectors are government, commerce, transportation, utilities, and professional and business services. Salt Lake City itself grew to a daytime population of more than 315,000, not counting tourists and students. [139]
Local, state, and federal governments have strong influence in the city, and business, transportation, and utilities provide many employment opportunities, with the major employer being the Delta hub at Salt Lake City International Airport. Also important are professional and business services, while health services and health education are important employment areas, including Intermountain Healthcare, Intermountain West's largest healthcare provider. Other major employers include the University of Utah, Sinclair Oil Company and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
In addition to its main offices, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints owns and operates a for-profit division, Deseret Management Corporation and its subsidiaries, headquartered in the city.
Salt Lake City is home to two Fortune 1000 companies, Zions Bancorporation and Questar Corporation. [140] Other notable companies headquartered in the city include AlphaGraphics, Alsco, Sinclair Oil Corporation, Smith's Food and Drug (owned by national grocer Kroger), MonaVie, Myriad Genetics, Creminelli Fine Meats, and [141] Notable companies headquartered in the nearby metropolis include Arctic Circle Restaurants, FranklinCovey, and Cosmopolitan Salt Lake City was also once home to the American Stores, Skaggs Companies and ZCMI, one of the first department stores. Now owned by Macy's. Former ZCMI stores now operate under the Macy's label. High tech companies with a strong presence in the suburb include Adobe, Unisys, Siebel, Micron, L-3 Communications, Telarus and 3M. Goldman Sachs has its second-largest operation in Salt Lake City. [142] According to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it is classified as a "Gamma-" global city. [143]
Other economic activities include tourism, conferences, and large call centers in the suburbs. Tourism has increased since the 2002 Winter Olympics,[48] and many hotels and restaurants have been built to host these events. The convention industry has grown since the opening of the Salt Palace Convention Center in the late 1990s, which hosts trade shows and conferences, including the Novell BrainShare conference. In 2020, Salt Lake City began to bid for the 2030 Winter Olympics and Winter Paralympics. [144][145]
Law and Government See Also: Salt Lake City Mayor's List, Salt Lake City Mayoral Election and Joe Hill (Activist) §Procedure
Salt Lake City Seat of Government, circa 1894 Since 1894, the Salt Lake City and County Hall has been the seat of municipal government. It was also Utah's first state capitol on October 9, 1916, from 1896 until the dedication of the Utah State Capitol today. [146]
Salt Lake City has had a nonpartisan Mayor's Conference since 1979. The mayor and seven councilors serve four-year, staggered terms. Parliamentary seats are defined by geographic demographic boundaries. Each city council represents approximately 26,000 citizens. Employees are not subject to term limits.
Municipal elections throughout Utah are nonpartisan. The last election was held on November 5, 2019. Councilwoman Erin Mendenhall was elected mayor, Daniel E. Dugan defeated incumbent Charlie Luke, and Andrew Johnston and Ana Valdemoros retained their seats on City Council. [147] The board appointed Darin Mano for the remainder of Mendenhall's term. [148] City Council members also serve on the board of the city's reconstruction agency.
Salt Lake City Elected Officials 2020 Official Office Term Ends Erin Mendenhall (R) Mayor 20202024 Councilman James Rogers District 120142022 Andrew Johnston Vice President District 2201421620 Valdemoros District 4201920 24Da rin ManoDistrict 5202 02022Daniel E. Dugan District 620202024Amy FowlerDistrict 720182022 Elections are held in odd-numbered years. Candidates in He took office in January of the following year.
Separation of church and state was the hottest topic in the era of the Liberal Party and the Utah People's Party, when many of the candidates were also aspiring Mormon bishops. This tension is still reflected today in the "Bridging the Religious Divide" movement. [149] The movement began with some citizens complaining that Utah's political establishment was unfair in its dealings with non-LDS residents, giving LDS churches preferential treatment, while LDS residents saw growing anti-Mormonism in town politics bias.
The city's political demographics are decidedly more liberal than the rest of Utah. While Utah as a whole is a very conservative and Democratic state, Salt Lake City is considered a Democratic stronghold. Since 1976, all of the city's mayors have been Democrats.
The city is home to several nongovernmental think tanks and advocacy groups, including the conservative Sutherland Institute, the progressive Utah Coalition for Better, gay rights group Utah Equality, and quality development advocate Envision Utah. Salt Lake City hosted many foreign dignitaries during the 2002 Winter Olympics, the Mexican president began visiting the United States in the city in 2006, and the Israeli ambassador to the United States opened a cultural center. [150] President George W. Bush visited the National Veterans Convention in 2005 and 2006. Both visits were met with protests from then-Mayor Rocky Anderson. Other political leaders, including Howard Dean and Harry Reid, also spoke in the city in 2005.
A new public safety building opened in July 2013 for police, firefighters and first responders. Billed as the largest zero-energy building in the United States when it opened, it is expected to achieve LEED Platinum certification. [151]
The Salt Lake City Fire Department operates 14 fire stations.
Education Main article: Education in Salt Lake City and Salt Lake County - Education
Salt Lake City Public Library. The American Library Association named it the best library in America in 2006.
University of Utah Medical Center In 1847, Mormon pioneer Jane Dilworth held the first classes in her tent for the children of early Mormon families. In the second half of the 19th century, there was much debate about how local children should be raised. LDS members and non-LDS members could not agree on the degree of religious influence at the school. Today, many LDS youth in grades 9 through 12 participate in some form of religious instruction outside the public school classroom, known as seminary. Students attend seminars from public school at various times of the day. [152][153] LDS seminaries are usually located on church property next to public schools within walking distance. [154]
Thanks to its high birth rate and large class sizes, Utah spends less per student than any other state, but spends more per capita (of the state's total population) than any state except Alaska. Money is always a challenge and many companies donate to support the school. Several counties have established foundations to raise money. Funding was recently approved to rebuild more than half of the elementary schools and one high school in the Salt Lake City School District, which serves much of the city limits. There are 23 K-6 elementary schools, 5 7-8 high schools, and 3 9-12 high schools (Highland, East, and West, former South High School converted to Salt Lake Community College's South City campus) and an alternate high school (Horizon) district Inside. Additionally, The Heights was recently selected as the home of the Salt Lake City School of the Performing Arts (SPA) charter school. There are several Catholic schools in the city, including Judges Memorial Catholic High School. Roland Hall - St. St Mark's School[155] was founded in 1867 by Bishop Daniel Tuttle and is the leading independent school in the area.
Salt Lake City's public library system consists of a main library in downtown and five branch libraries in different parts of the city. Designed by renowned architect Moshe Safdie, the main library opened in 2003. In 2006, the Salt Lake City Public Library was named "Library of the Year" by the American Library Association [156].
Institutions of higher education in Salt Lake City include the University of Utah, Westminster College, Salt Lake Community College, Stevens-Henager College, Eagle Gate College, Salt Lake City Art Institute, and the American Violin Making School (now Peter Prier & Sons). Violin) and Ensign Academy (formerly LDS Business School). Utah State University, Newmont College of Computer Science and Brigham Young University also have training centers in the city. There are also many trade and technical schools, such as Healing Mountain Massage School and Utah College of Massage Therapy. The University of Utah is known for its research and medical programs. It was one of the original four universities connected to ARPANET, the predecessor of the Internet, in 1969 [157], and was home to the first artificial heart transplant in 1982. [158]
Cultural Museums and Art
The Denver and Rio Grande West warehouses are now the headquarters of the Utah Department of Heritage and the Arts and the Rio Art Gallery. Salt Lake City is home to many museums. Near Temple Square is the Church History Museum. Operated by the LDS Church, the museum houses artifacts, documents, artwork, photographs, tools, clothing and furniture from nearly two centuries of LDS Church history. West of Gateway Temple Square is the Clark Planetarium, which features an IMAX theater and the children's museum Discovery Gateway. The Utah Museum of Fine Arts and the Utah Museum of Natural History are located on the University of Utah campus. Other museums in the area include the Utah Historical Society, Daughters of the Utah Pioneers Memorial Museum, Fort Douglas Military Museum, Society Hall Heritage Museum, and the new Leonardo Museum of Arts, Science, and Technology housed in the former Salt Lake City Library. housed in the building.
Salt Lake City is home to several classic movie theaters, including the Tower Theater and the Broadway Theatre, which host members and performances of the Salt Lake Film Society. The Utah Film Center hosts free film screenings every Tuesday evening at the Salt Lake City Public Library and monthly at the Ross Wagner Theater, and many film screenings feature post-film Q&As with filmmakers or subject matter experts.
On December 5, 2007, the Salt Lake City Chamber of Commerce and the Downtown Alliance announced that a two-block area south of the proposed City Creek Center would be the new arts center. These include the renovation of two regional theaters and a new 2,400-seat theater, as well as additional space for galleries and artists. The opening of the new facility is planned to coincide with the opening of the City Creek Center in 2011, but has not yet been completed. [159] An $81.5 million theater venue was announced, and efforts to secure financing began. [160] However, the theater's plans were criticized, especially from smaller nearby theaters hosting off-Broadway tours, who felt that such a theater would not be sustainable and would hurt their business. [161]
Performance art
Abravanel Hall Salt Lake City provides a venue for professional and amateur theater. The city attracts Broadway tours and off-Broadway shows at the historic Capitol Theatre. Local professional performing companies include Pioneer Theater Company, Salt Lake Theater Company, and Plan-B Theater Company, the only theater company in Utah dedicated exclusively to developing new plays by Utah playwrights. The Off-Broadway Theater in Salt Lake City's historic Clift Building presents comedy and Utah's longest-running stand-up, Laughing Butt.
Salt Lake City is home to the Temple Square Tabernacle Choir, founded in 1847 as the Mormon Tabernacle Choir. The choir's weekly show, "Music and Spoken Words," is the world's longest-running continuous web show. [163] Salt Lake City is home to the Utah Symphony Orchestra, founded in 1940 and growing into a major American orchestra under the tenure of its former music director, Maurice Abravanel Maurice Abravanel was the conductor of the orchestra from 1947 to 1979, Thierry Fisher. The orchestra's original home was the Salt Lake Tabernacle, but since 1979 it has performed at the Abravanel Concert Hall, west of downtown. In 2002, the Utah Symphony merged with the Utah Opera, founded by Glade Peterson in 1978, which, under Artistic Director Christopher McBeth, presents annual performances at the Capitol Theater Staged four opera productions. The Salt Lake City area is home to the renowned Madeleine Choir School Children's Choir and the Salt Lake City Children's Choir (founded in 1979).
The University of Utah has two advanced dance departments, the Ballet Department and the Modern Dance Department. Professional dance companies in Salt Lake City include Ballet of the West, Riley-Woodbury Dance Company (which celebrated its 45th anniversary in 2008/2009) and Repertory Dance Theatre. The Rose Wagner Center for the Performing Arts is home to the RWDC and RDT.
Music The city has an eclectic music scene including hip-hop, blues, rock, punk, deathcore, horrorcore and indie bands. Popular groups or individuals who started or grew on the Wasatch Front and were influenced by it include Iceburn, Eagle Twin, The Almost, The Brobecks, Meg and Dia, Royal Bliss, Shedaisy, The Summer Obsession, Theater of Ice, The Used, and Chelsea Green. Salt Lake City has an underground metal scene with bands like Gaza and Bird Eater. During the summer, Salt Lake City hosts the Twilight Concert Series, a budget-friendly summer concert series. The series has been a part of the Salt Lake City music scene since the late 1980s. In 2010, Downtown Pioneer Park had 40,000 visitors. [164]
political party
This section contains embedded listings that may be ambiguous, unverified or random. Help clean it up to Wikipedia's quality standards. Include elements in the body of the article if necessary. (February 2022) Salt Lake City has a thriving festival culture. Various festivals are held throughout the year to celebrate the diversity of the Valley community. From culture, food, religion and spirituality to dance, music, spoken word and film, you can find festivals of almost every type. Many festivals have been around for decades. The rainbow flag at the end of the 2014 Utah Pride Parade. Utah Pride is an LGBTQ festival held every June. It started in 1983 and has grown into a three-day festival that attracts more than 50,000 visitors. Sponsored by Utah Pride Center. It is the second largest holiday after the 47th and one of the largest in the country. [165][166][167] The festival features hundreds of vendors, food, music stars, 5K, mound, and trans marches[168], as well as interfaith services provided by the Utah Pride Interfaith Alliance. [169]
The Utah Arts Festival has been held annually since 1977 with an average attendance of 80,000 people. There are approximately 130 booths for visual artists and five performance spaces for musicians. [170]
The Dark Arts Festival is an annual three-day festival dedicated to the gothic and industrial subcultures. The festival started in 1993 at the local goth club Area 51. [171][172][173] The festival commissioned bands to play during the event. The 2015 lineup includes Tragic Black, The Gothsicles, Adrian H & the Wounds and Hocico. [174] Hocico appeared at the 2015 Dark Arts Festival. The Utah Arts League hosts an annual urban arts festival that typically attracts more than 20,000 visitors, where artists display and sell paintings, sculptures, photography, and jewelry. It features live music mixing rock, hip-hop, R&B, funk and jazz, as well as workshops for interests such as skateboarding and gardening. The festival also hosts the Voices of the City Film Festival, where local filmmakers present their own version of Salt Lake City. [175]
Presented by the Salt Lake City-based IJ and Jeanné Wagner JCC, the Jewish Festival showcases Jewish culture through workshops, theatre, food, film, art, and contemporary music from the local and global Jewish community. [176][177]]
The Sugar House neighborhood[178] hosts an annual Fourth of July Arts Festival featuring local artists, performances, music, food and vendors. The festival coincides with the evening fireworks display at Sugar House Park. [179][180]
Salt Lake City is also home to the Sundance Film Festival. Held annually, the festival brings together cultural icons, movie stars, celebrities and thousands of film lovers for the largest independent film festival in the United States. The campaign is based in nearby Park City. There are many other annual festivals such as FilmQuest, Salty Horror Film Festival, Damn These Heels, and Sound of the City. Launched in 2014, FilmQuest offers curated genres including fantasy and science fiction. [181] Launched in 2010, Salty Horror is a highly competitive horror film festival. [182] Founded in 1994, the Utah Film Center hosts two annual film festivals, Damn These Heels, that focus on independent films, documentaries, and foreign feature films centered on LGBTQ issues, ideas, and art. [183]​​[184] ] The second annual Utah Film Center Film Festival is the Tumbleweed Children's Film Festival. Started in 2010, the festival offers families the opportunity to experience international film and multimedia workshops. Tumbleweeds works to increase children's awareness of different cultures, encourage independent voices, develop media production skills and foster critical examination. The Voices of the City Film Festival is part of the Urban Arts Festival that allows local filmmakers to present their own version of Salt Lake City.
The 2015 Great Salt Lake Fringe Festival is Salt Lake City's first performance festival. The four-day festival includes a variety of music, dance, theatre, spoken word, circus arts, magic and puppetry. [185][186]
The Living Traditions Festival is a three-day multicultural arts festival hosted by the Salt Lake City Arts Council in 1985. The festival celebrates traditional dance, music, crafts and food from diverse contemporary ethnic communities in Salt Lake City. [187] [188]
Earth Jam is an annual festival held at Liberty Park in Salt Lake City to celebrate Earth Day with music. The free festival focuses on music and features speakers, vendors, food, performing arts, parades of spirits and a nursery. [189]
Live Green SLC! The aim of the festival is to showcase sustainable products, ideas and solutions from renewable technologies for everyday household use. [190] The festival promotes education, sustainability, and access to green and organic products and services. [191]
The Lake City DIY (Do-It-Yourself) Craft Festival is an arts and crafts festival that promotes the use of science and technology to help local artists create crafts, including screen printing, jewelry and other media. The festival promotes education through workshops, galleries and demonstrations featuring a variety of vendors and food items. [192]
The 9th & 9th Street Festival is an annual community arts, music and craft festival held at 900 East/900 South Streets. [193] The 2015 Carmelite Live Band was held at the Carmelite Monastery in Salt Lake City. The annual Fall Fair is held in Holladay, a suburb of Salt Lake City. The festival features music, food, live vending, the Nuns Golf Tournament, a raffle and the Nuns 5K Run. [194][195]
The Utah Sri Sri Ganesh Hindu Temple in Salt Lake City hosts an annual Ganesh festival called Ganesh Chathurthi. [196] The 10-day festival is dedicated to the worship of the Hindu god Ganesha. In 2014, the festival was held at the Krishna Temple in Salt Lake City because the exterior of the Ganesh Temple was under construction and the inner temple could not be accessed. [197]
The Indian Festival is hosted by the Krishna Temple in Salt Lake City and Spanish Fork, Utah. The festival includes food, dance, theater and Ramayana extravaganza. [198] Since 2011, the Krishna Temple in Salt Lake City has held an annual festival of colors similar to the famous festival at the Krishna Temple in Fork, Spain. [199]
The Great Salt Lake Yoga Festival is now in its fifth year (since 2015). The first Downtown Yoga Festival was held in Salt Lake City in 2015. Both festivals aim to inspire yogis in the community by teaching about yoga, healthy living, raw food and traditional yoga music. 2015 Pride Day Since 2001, the local Pagan community has been celebrating the annual Pagan Pride Day in Salt Lake City. The festival features ceremonies, workshops, dancers, bards and vendors, and all you need to donate a can of food to get a Tarot card Holiday Steamfest. It hosted vendors, panels and cosplayers, who wore fashions from various punk cultures, mainly around steampunk, deco punk and dieselpunk. [211][212]
Rose Park hosts a Chinese New Year every year to showcase the diversity of the community. Featuring dancers, music, a 5K run, silent sales and food. [213] Greek Festival 2014 The Greek Festival, held at the Greek Orthodox Cathedral in downtown, celebrates Utah's Greek heritage the weekend after Labor Day. The three-day event includes Greek music, dance groups, guided tours of the cathedral, booths and a large buffet. The number of participants varies between 35,000 and 50,000. In 2015, it celebrated its 40th anniversary.
Salt Lake City hosts two Italian festivals each year. Ferragosto Italian Cultural Street Festival (held in August) celebrates Italian food and culture in Salt Lake City's Italian community. [214] Festa Italian is a two-day festival held every September that highlights Italian regions with music, food and entertainment. Proceeds go to local charities. [215]
Other cultural festivals in Salt Lake City include the Peruvian Festival, [216] Utah Brazilian Festival, [217] Polynesian Cultural Festival, [218] Japanese Nihon Matsuri [219] and Japanese Obon Festival [220] ]
Meetings Salt Lake City hosts many of the meetings held at the Western Crossroads. Salt Lake City is home to several major venues, such as the Salt Palace and the Vivint Smart Home Arena downtown, which can host meetings and conferences for more than 100,000 people. Comic-Con 2015 at the Salt Palace Convention Center Salt Lake Comic-Con began in 2013 and attracted more than 100,000 visitors in its first few years. So Salt Lake Comic-Con has launched a second event, FanX (Fan Experience), offering spring break for those who couldn't attend Comic-Con in the fall. The convention broke records for the first time in 2013, hosting the largest attendance of any first comics convention. [221] A second event, the FanX 2014 and Fall 2014 events, both broke attendance records for the event, attracting more than 120,000 people. [222] The convention was sued by San Diego Comic-Con[223][224] but was granted the right to use the Comic-Con trademark in its name. [225][226] In 2014, Stan Lee called Salt Lake Comic-Con "the greatest Comic-Con in the world". [227] On September 25, 2015, the scam broke the world record for most costumed comic book character cosplays in one place. The previous record was broken by 1784 people[228]
Crystal Mountain Pony Con, the annual My Little Pony convention, features cosplayers, vendors and panels. In 2015, more than 800 brownies participated. [229][230]
Salt Lake City hosts an annual International Tattoo Convention in the spring featuring nationally and internationally renowned tattoo artists. [231] [232]
Fantasy Con held its first conference in Salt Lake City in 2014, the first of its kind. Following its successful run, the conference has been restructured to better serve the needs of the fantasy community. An annual event was originally planned, but it did not take place in 2015 and no further plans were announced. [233][234]
Salt Lake City hosted its first gaming conference in 2015. It features tournaments, role-playing, group discussions, and focuses on console, PC, card, and board games. [235][236][237]
The Olympic flame burns at Rice Eccles Stadium. Salt Lake City hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics. Despite the influence of the LDS Church, the city is culturally and religiously diverse and is home to many cultural events. [238]
July 24 is Pioneer Day, an important national holiday that marks the anniversary of the entry of Mormon pioneers into the Salt Lake Valley. A week of events will be held to celebrate, including a children's parade,[239] a horseback riding parade, a "47 Days of Parade" (one of the largest in the country), a rodeo, and a fireworks display at Liberty Park. Starting around July 24, fireworks can be legally sold.
The first night of New Year's Eve ends with a midnight fireworks display at the University of Utah's Rice-Eccles Stadium with a celebration of family-friendly entertainment and events.
Salt Lake City has been the host of the Salt Lake City International Marathon since 2004. In 2006, Real Madrid competed with many of the country's top cyclists. [240]
In recent years, Salt Lake City has begun hosting its own events, notably Friday Night Movies,[241] free movies at city parks, and the mayor's health and fitness awareness program, Salt Lake City Fitness. [242] ]
Salt Lake City hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics, and at the time Salt Lake City was the most populous region to host the Winter Olympics. The event brought Salt Lake City into the international spotlight and is considered by many to be one of the most successful Winter Olympics of all time. [243]
In February 2002, Turin, Italy and Salt Lake City established an Olympic sister city relationship, and in October 2003, Salt Lake City became a sister city relationship. On January 13, 2007, Salt Lake City and Turin officially signed an agreement to become Olympic sister cities. Olympic Games[244]
Every third Friday of the month, the Salt Lake City Walk Gallery hosts a free visual arts night. Many galleries and other art-related businesses stay open late, allowing enthusiasts to attend various exhibitions outside of business hours. Sometimes buskers, street artists and musicians also take part in these monthly events.
KUTV news studio in the Wells Fargo Center building in Salt Lake City
KSL TV, KSL Radio and Deseret News are located in the Triad Center of Salt Lake City. See also: Inside Salt Lake City and Salt Lake City in Movies. There are many different media outlets in Salt Lake City. Most major television and radio stations are based in or near the city. The Salt Lake City metro area is the 28th largest broadcast market[245] and the 33rd largest television market[246] in the United States.
The print media includes two major daily newspapers, the Salt Lake Tribune and the Deseret News (formerly the Deseret Morning News). Other more niche publications include Now Salt Lake, Salt Lake City Weekly (a weekly stand-alone publication), Nuestro Mundo for the Hispanic community, QSaltLake for the LGBT community, and The Pillar. Other Spanish-language newspapers include El Estandar, Amigo Hispano (online only), and El Observador de Utah, which offers free home delivery. There are many local magazines such as Wasatch Journal (Utah arts, culture and nature quarterly), Utah Homes & Garden, Salt Lake Magazine (lifestyle bimonthly), CATALYST Magazine (environment, health, arts and politics monthly), SLUG Magazine, alternative underground music magazine. Utah Stories is a local magazine focusing on the Salt Lake Valley.
KTVX 4 began airing in 1947 as Utah's first television station with the experimental call sign W6SIX, making it the oldest and third-oldest station in the Mountain Time Zone west of the Mississippi River. It is an affiliate of the ABC of Salt Lake City. KSL-TV 5 is the local NBC affiliate with studios in the "Broadcast Building" in the Triad Center office building downtown. KSL is operated by Deseret Media Companies, an LDS church company. KUTV 2 is the CBS affiliate in Salt Lake City. KSTU 13 is the Fox branch for the region. KUCW 30 is an affiliate of The CW and is part of a duopoly with KTVX. KJZZ-TV 14 is an independent TV station under the Sinclair Broadcast Group, licensed by KUTV and St. George to MyNetworkTV affiliate KMYU 12.
Due to the larger area covered by television and radio stations (usually all of Utah, as well as parts of western Wyoming, southern Idaho, parts of Montana and eastern Nevada), ratings tend to be higher than equivalent size of the city. Several Salt Lake City radio stations broadcast statewide through the Radio Interpreter Network.
Salt Lake City has become a case study of a saturated VHF market. You cannot use more than two frequencies on FM radio until you reach another station. Several companies, notably Millcreek Broadcasting and Simmons Media, have erected transmission towers on Humpy Peak in the eastern Uinta Range. The frequencies these towers allowed for distribution to the surrounding mountain communities were amplified by smaller low-power VHF transmitters along the Wasatch front.
Main attractions Main article: Buildings and Landmarks of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake Temple Salt Lake City is the headquarters of the Mormon Church, and there are many Mormon-related attractions open to tourists. The most popular is Temple Square, which houses the Salt Lake Temple (not open to the public) and the visitor center, which are open to the public for free. Temple Square includes the historic Salt Lake Tabernacle, home of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, now known as the Tabernacle Choir of Temple Square. The LDS Convention Center is located north of Temple Square. The Family History Library, the largest genealogy library in the world, is located on the west side of Temple Square. It is run by the LDS Church and is free and open to the public. The Eagle Gate Monument is located east of Temple Square.
In 2004, the Salt Lake City Central Library won the Architectural Institute Honor Award issued by the American Institute of Architects[247], with a distinctive architectural style. The roof of the building overlooks the Salt Lake Valley. The Utah State Capitol has marble floors and a dome similar to the U.S. Capitol. Other notable historic buildings include the Thomas Kearns Building (now the Governor's Mansion), the City and County Building (built in 1894), the Kearns Building on Main Street, St. Mark's Episcopal Cathedral (built in 1874 ) and the Roman Catholic Madeleine Basilica (built in 1909). The Utah State Capitol Olympic Cauldron Park at Rice-Eccles Stadium features the Olympic Cauldron, Visitor Center and Hoberman's Arch. The Olympic Heritage Plaza has a dancing fountain with music and stones at the gate engraved with the names of 30,000 Olympic volunteers. Utah Olympic Park near Park City features Olympic ski jumping, bobsleigh, rubber and skeleton runs. Today, the Olympic Park is used for training and competitions throughout the year. Visitors can watch various activities and even go sledding. The Utah Olympic Oval near Cairns, the venue for the speed skating competition, is now open to the public. Other popular Olympic venues include Soldier Hollow, a cross-country facility southeast of Salt Lake City near the town of Heber.
Salt Lake City is close to many top ski and summer resorts, including Snowbird, Alta, Brighton, Solitude, Park City Mountain Resort and Deer Valley. The resort welcomes millions of visitors each year and offers year-round activities.
Salt Lake City is home to some major shopping centers. Trolley Square is an indoor and outdoor shopping center featuring independent art boutiques, restaurants and national retailers. The building where the shop is located is a converted cart barn and the street is cobbled. The Gateway is an outdoor shopping center with national restaurants, clothing stores, a movie theater, the Clark Planetarium, Discovery Gateway (formerly the Children's Museum of Utah), a music venue called The Depot, and Olympic Heritage Plaza. City Creek Center is the city's newest major shopping center, featuring top-notch retail found nowhere else in Utah. The gate where the Clark Planetarium is located. On October 3, 2006, the LDS Church, which owns the ZCMI Center, opened The Crossroads Mall on Main Street, announcing plans to demolish the mall, a skyscraper and several other buildings to make room for a $150 million redevelopment of the city creek center. It combines new office and residential towers (one of which is the third tallest in the city) around an outdoor shopping mall with a creek, fountains and other outdoor features;[248] it opened in 2012 on 3 Opens on the 22nd. Sugar House is a neighborhood served by the S Line (formerly known as the Sugar House Streetcar), featuring downtown shopping and several old parks.
Other attractions near Salt Lake City include Hogle Zoo, Timpanogos Caverns National Monument, Golden Spike National Historic Site (connected here by the world's first transcontinental railroad), Lagoon Amusement Park, Great Salt Lake, Bonneville Salt Flats and Gardiner Historic Village - one of the largest historic villages in the country, the Dinosaur Museum at Lehi Thanksgiving Point and the world's largest man-made dig at Bingham Canyon Mine.
Sports and Recreation Winter sports such as skiing and snowboarding are popular activities in the Wasatch Mountains east of Salt Lake City. Eight ski resorts are located within an 80 km radius from the city. Alta, Brighton, Solitude and Snowbird are all in the southeastern Wasatch Mountains, while the other three resorts are located near Park City. Since the 2002 Winter Olympics, the resort's popularity has increased by a third. [249] Summer activities such as hiking, camping, rock climbing, and mountain biking are popular in mountainous regions. The many small reservoirs and rivers in the Wasatch Mountains are popular for boating, fishing and other water activities.
Two of the most important and highest-rated basketball games take place in Salt Lake City. The 1979 NCAA Division I basketball tournament was held at the Special Events Center on the University of Utah campus, where Magic Johnson faced off with Larry Bird for the first time. Johnson's Michigan team defeated Bird's undefeated Indiana team in the most watched basketball game in history. [250] Michael Jordan played his final game as a member of the Chicago Bulls in Game 6 of the 1998 NBA Finals at the Delta Center. Jordan's Bulls won their sixth championship by beating the Utah Jazz in the most-watched game in NBA history. [251]
professional sports
Vivint Arena has been home to the Utah Jazz since 1991. Salt Lake City is home to the NBA's Utah Jazz, who moved from New Orleans to Vivint Arena (formerly known as the Delta Center, then Energy Solutions Arena) in 1979. It is the only team in one of the state's four major professional sports leagues. The franchise has been successful, reaching the playoffs in 22 of 25 seasons led by the Hall of Fame duo of Karl Malone and John Stockton. The pair won two Western Conference titles together, but the team has yet to win an NBA championship. From 1970 to 1975, Salt Lake City was home to the Utah Stars of the American Basketball Association (ABA). They won a title in the city (1971) and had the strongest support in the ABA, but they folded months before the ABA-NBA merger, preventing them from being acquired by the NBA. Their success may have played a role in the tough Jazz's decision to relocate to Salt Lake City in 1979. Salt Lake City is home to the Utah Stars, the original team of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) in 1997. The team relocated and became the San Antonio Silver Stars. [252]
Major League Soccer's Real Salt Lake was founded in 2004, initially playing at the University of Utah's Rice-Eccles Stadium before opening the football-only Rio Tinto Stadium in nearby Sandy in 2008. [253] The team won their first Major League Soccer title by defeating the Los Angeles Galaxy in the 2009 Major League Soccer Cup. RSL reached the CONCACAF Champions League final in 2011, losing 3-2 on aggregate, and also reached the 2013 MLS Cup final. In 2019, the club expanded to include the Utah Royals, a professional women's team in the National Women's Soccer League. However, the club ceased operations in December 2020 and transferred its player-related assets to the Kansas City NWSL. The city has also hosted several international football matches.
The Utah Braves are a major league football team that began their inaugural season at Zion Bank Stadium in 2018[255]. Smith Field, home of Salt Lake City's Bee Arena football games, was expanded in 2006 to accompany the city's Utah Flame Arena football league. They posted the league's highest batting average in their first season. [256] Following the disbandment of the original AFL in 2009, the future of the Blaze was uncertain. However, in 2010, a new league called the Arena Football League started functioning. The Blaze franchise has been revived and played in a new league. [257] The AAF's Salt Lake Stallion team is also based in the city.
The city also has two minor league teams. The Triple-A West's Salt Lake Bees, the Triple-A team of the Los Angeles Angels, play at Smith Field and were founded in 1994 as the Buzz. Their name was changed to The Stingers in 2002 and The Bees in 2006, the historic name of the Salt Lake City baseball team. The Utah Grizzlies ECHL ice hockey team was formed in 2005 to replace the old Grizzlies that existed at the time. They play at the Maverik Center in neighboring West Valley City.
Club Athletic League Fields Established Title Attendance Utah Jazz Basketball National Basketball Association Vivant Arena 1979019.911 Real Salt Lake Major League Soccer Stadium Rio Tinto Stadium (at Sandy) 2004120.160 Utah Braves Football 0 Rugby ZMadium 0 Salt Lake Bees Baseball Triple-A West Smith's Stadium 1994015.411 Utah Grizzlies Hockey ECHL Maverik Center (West Valley City) 200504. 622 Real Monarchs SLC SoccerUSL Championship Zions Bank Stadium (in Herriman)201414,698Salt Lake City StarsBasketballNBA G LeagueLife Activities Center (in Taylorsville)201603,156Amateur SportsThe University of Utah and Brigham University and great cities Brigham Young is the University of Utah and Yu Brigham). The two colleges have a long and varied history. Although Utah is a secular university, this rivalry is sometimes referred to as a "holy war" because BYU is a university affiliated with the LDS Church. Both men competed in the NCAA Division I Mountain Western Conference (MWC) through the 2011-12 season and have met on the football field 100 times since 1896 (and have since 1922).
While Salt Lake City does not have a professional football team, both universities' varsity football teams are popular in the city and across the state. Since the system's inception in 1998, the University of Utah became the first automatic conference-eligible school to win two Bowl Championship Series (BCS) bowl games (and the first non-BCS conference to be invited). . BYU defeated Michigan in the 1984 Holiday Bowl to win the state's only national championship in college football. University of Utah joins BCS fairness controversy. Despite being undefeated in the 2004 and 2008 seasons, Utah was not invited to the national championships in both seasons because of its membership in the MWC, a non-automatic BCS qualifying conference. [258]
College basketball also has a strong presence in the city. The Utah Utes men's basketball team plays its home games at the Jon M. Huntsman Center on the Salt Lake City campus. The team won the 1944 NCAA Basketball Tournament and reached the 1998 NCAA Basketball Tournament Finals. The school also hosted multiple NCAA Division I men's basketball tournaments at the Huntsman Center and Vivint Arena, including the Final Four of the famous tournament in 1979 when it was still known as the Special Events Center.
The Utah Avalanche were formed in January 2011 as a football league development team in the now defunct NFL. [259] In June 2012, Salt Lake City hosted the IRB Junior World Rugby Championship, a major International Rugby Union tournament for the under-20 national teams of 'second-tier' countries. [260]
When the Olympic Bandy Club was formed in Salt Lake City, Utah was the first state outside of Minnesota to have a Bandy. [261] Salt Lake City is also home to two roller skating leagues: the Salt City Derby Girls[262] and the Wasatch Roller Game[263], two touring teams. [264]
Traffic Main article: Traffic on the streets of Salt Lake City
State Street begins at the base of the Utah State Capitol in Salt Lake City, at the intersection of two off-road highways. I-15 runs north-south, I-80 connects downtown and Salt Lake City International Airport west, and runs east through Parley's Canyon. I-215 forms a 270-degree loop around the city. SR-201 runs through the western suburbs of Salt Lake City. The Legacy Parkway (SR-67), a controversial and oft-delayed freeway that opened in September 2008, runs north from I-215 in Davis County on the eastern shore of the Great Salt Lake. Traveling to and from Davis County is geographically complicated because the road must traverse a narrow gap between the Great Salt Flats to the west and the Wasatch Mountains to the east. Only 4 roads pass through these two counties to carry the passenger traffic of Davis County.
Salt Lake City's surface road network follows a simple grid layout. Street names are numbered north, south, east, or west, and the grid begins at the southeast corner of the center of Temple Square. One of the visions of Brigham Young and the early settlers was to create the wide, spacious streets that would characterize the center of the city. The grid pattern remains fairly intact throughout the city, except for the east bank, where geography makes it impossible. The entire Salt Lake Valley is laid out in the same numbered grid system, although it becomes increasingly irregular in the suburbs. Many streets have names and grid coordinates. Usually both can be used as addresses. US-89 enters the city from the northwest, crosses north of the city to become 900 West Street, and leaves Salt Lake City to become State Street (100 East).
public transport
UTA Buses at the Salt Lake City Intermodal Hub (Salt Lake Central Station) Intermodal service in Salt Lake City is operated by the Utah Transit Authority (UTA) and includes bus systems, streetcars and commuter rail lines. Amtrak and several intercity bus lines provide intercity service. All of these services connect at the Salt Lake City Intermodal Hub (Salt Lake Central Station), west of downtown. The Brookings Institution ranked Salt Lake City's mass transit system the third best in the nation in 2011, connecting people to jobs and supporting 59 percent of the valley's jobs. [265]
Transit Bus Service UTA's bus system spans the entire Wasatch Front from Brigham City north to St. Quin south, Grantsville west and Park City east. During ski season (typically November through April), UTA also operates routes to Big and Small Poplar Canyon and Sundance in the Provo Canyon ski area. Around 60,000 people ride the buses every day, although ridership has reportedly dropped since TRAX was built. [266]
Tram Main article: TRAX (light rail)
TRAX Green Line trains at Gallivan Square Station The 44.8-mile (72.1 km)[267] light rail system, called TRAX, consists of three lines.
Opened in 1999 and expanded in 2008, the Blue Line runs south from the Salt Lake City intermodal hub (Salt Lake Central Station) to Draper. Originally opened in 2001 and expanded in 2011, the Red Line runs from the University of Utah southwest through Salt Lake City to Daybreak on the South Shore. The Green Line opened in 2011 from Salt Lake City International Airport to West Valley City (via downtown Salt Lake City), and the airport extension opened in April 2013. The system has 50 stations, 23 of which are within the city limits. [268] The average daily passenger traffic in the fourth quarter of 2012 was 60,600. This makes TRAX the ninth largest light rail system in the country.
Commuter rail main article: FrontRunner
FrontRunner at the North Temple Bridge/Guadalupe Station in Salt Lake City The FrontRunner commuter rail system opened on April 26, 2008, running north through Davis County from the intermodal hub to Pleasant View on the northern border of Weber County . [270] In the fourth quarter of 2012, the average daily ridership on the route was 7,800 passengers. [269] An expansion called FrontRunner South was completed in December 2012 as part of UTA's 2015 FrontLines project, extending FrontRunner to Provo in central Utah. [268][271][272] On November 7, 2006, voters approved sales tax increases for road, light rail, and commuter rail improvements that made these expansions possible. [273] In addition, the Federal Transit Administration signed a $500 million letter of intent for all four planned TRAX expansions and, following Provo, the FrontRunner expansion. [274] In March 2018, UTA announced that FrontRunner would no longer run from Ogden to Pleasant View starting in mid-August. [275]
Intercity Bus and Rail Service Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily California Zephyr service between Chicago and Salt Lake City, California, between Emeryville, California. Greyhound Lines also serves Salt Lake City. They have nine buses serving Denver, Reno, Las Vegas and Portland, Oregon daily. Both stations are located at the Salt Lake City Intermodal Hub.
air freight
Salt Lake International Airport is located between downtown Salt Lake City and the Great Salt Lake. Salt Lake City International Airport is located 4 miles (6.4 km) west of downtown, entirely within Salt Lake City. Delta Air Lines operates as an airport hub, serving more than 100 nonstop destinations in the United States, Mexico and Canada, as well as Paris, London, Amsterdam and Frankfurt. [276] SkyWest Airlines operates its largest airport hub with Delta Connection and serves 243 cities via Delta Connection and United Express. The airport is served by 4 UTA bus lines and a UTA-operated light rail line (TRAX) which began service on April 14, 2013. A total of 22,029,488 passengers flew through Salt Lake City International Airport in 2007, an increase of 2.19% since 2006.[277] The airport is the 21st busiest airport in the United States by total number of passengers, consistently ranking first in terms of on-time arrivals and departures. Ranking first in the country, the number of canceled flights is second to last. [278] The airport is currently undergoing a $3.6 billion redesign, expected to be completed by 2024, which will include a complete redesign of the terminal building and parking lot.
There are two general aviation airports nearby, but outside of Salt Lake City:
South Valley Regional Airport in West Jordan Woods Skypark Airport CrossBiking Salt Lake City is known as a bike-friendly city. In 2010, Salt Lake City was recognized by USA Cycling as a Silver Cycling Friendly Community [279]. That puts the city among the top 18 bikeable cities in the U.S. with a population of at least 100,000. Many city streets have bike lanes, and city governments publish bike maps. [280] However, off-road biking in the valley has been severely affected by increased housing development and land privatization, which has reduced access to trails and trails. In 2012, the Salt Lake City Department of Transportation launched, a website that aggregates information about bike routes, bike safety and promotions in the city. The website includes a form for business owners to apply for free bike parking on public land near their business, a service that requires a one-month wait. [281]
Salt Lake City was the first city in the United States to use a “Green Shared Lane” or “Super Sharrow” [282], a 4-foot (1.2 m) wide green strip in the middle of a dedicated bike lane that was not feasible to add. Other cities, including Long Beach, Oakland and Edina, Minnesota, have adopted similar plans. The four cities are participating in a study by the Federal Highway Administration to measure the proposal's impact on speed and distance for bicycles crossing streets, car-bike collisions, and whether it would lead to more cyclists, among other things. . [283]
On September 25, 2010, UTA, in partnership with Salt Lake City, the Utah Department of Transportation, the Wasatch Front Regional Council and the Mayor's Bicycle Advisory Council, opened the Bicycle Transfer Center (BTC) at the intermodal hub. The BTC is designed to serve TRAX and FrontRunner multimodal commuters, as well as provide secure bike parking for cyclists looking to explore the city on foot or by public transit.
In April 2013, Salt Lake City launched a bike-sharing program called GREENbike. The program allows users to pay $5 per day to use the bikes, with the option to purchase weekly or annual passes. [284] The plan started with ten stations in the city center. [285] By October 2014, the number of stations was increased to 20. [286] In addition to the bike share program, 80 businesses in the city participate in the Bike Benefit[287] program, which offers discounts to customers traveling by bike. The city is also home to the Salt Lake City Bicycle Collection.
With this additional support, Salt Lake City's bike lane network has grown to 200 miles of lanes. In July 2014, the city began building protected bike lanes along a 1.35-mile (2.17 km) stretch between 300 South, 300 West and 600 East. The project has faced strong opposition from business owners and residents along the route due to concerns about a 30 percent reduction in parking spaces and damage from construction. Construction was carried out in stages, with the final stage completed in October 2014. The performance of protected bike lanes (especially its role in encouraging more cycling) will influence future plans to make cities more bike-friendly. [288]
An example of an urban bike and walking trail is the City Creek Canyon loop on Bonneville Boulevard. [289] The city has designated the road as a motor vehicle-only lane (one-way), and has opened another lane to cyclists and pedestrians on the dual lane. From the last Monday in May through the last weekend in September, City Creek Canyon Road is closed to motor vehicles on single days and closed to bicycles on two days and holidays. Cycling is allowed every day the rest of the time.
Sister Cities Salt Lake City's sister cities are:[290]
Chernivtsi, Ukraine Izhevsk, Russia Keelung, Taiwan Matsumoto, Japan Turin, Italy Sister cities Salt Lake City has friendly relations with the following cities: [290]
Trujillo, Peru also FlagUtah Portal Salt Lake City People List Salt Lake City Tallest Buildings List Salt Lake City, Utah National Register of Historic Places Tram Square Shot USS Salt Lake City - US Navy Ship Named Salt Lake City"
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