Richtlinie IUP Right to Know (2023)

PDF to download:

  • Interactive request form for the right to information
  • University Records Retention Policy

Indiana University of Pennsylvania public records requests under the Right-To-Know Act, as amended, 65 P.S. 67.101 and following are governed by the following policies:

A. Orders

  1. Requests for information under the Right to Know Act must be made in writing to the designated Agency Open Records Officer. The application can be submitted in person, by post, by e-mail or by fax. Oral or verbal requests will not be accepted.
  2. Each request must include the name of the requestor and the address to which the reply will be sent. The request must identify or describe the requested records with sufficient detail to allow the government system to verify which records are requested.
  3. The Open Records Officer may ask the requester the reason for the request or intended use of the records to help identify records that are actually relevant to the requester. The state system shall not insist on the submission of such a declaration, nor shall it use the absence of such a declaration as a reason for rejecting the application.

B. Transmission of Requests for Information

  1. All requests to Indiana University of Pennsylvania under the Right to Know Act must be submitted in writing to:

    Bickley-Felsen
    Agency Open Records Officer
    Indiana University of Pennsylvania
    1011 on Dr.
    Salon G4 Sutton
    Indiana, PA 15705
    Fax: 724-357-2685
    rtk-request@iup.edu

    Applications can be submitted in person or sent by post to the above address. Inquiries can also be made by email or fax.

  2. If an application is served on anyone other than the Open Records Officer, it must be filed with the Open Records Officer within a reasonable time. The five business day period for a response to the request begins once the request is received by the designated Open Records Officer.
  3. The Open Records Officer will notify the applicant of receipt of the application, including the date it is deemed to have been received.

C. Obligation of the state system to respond promptly to requests for information

  1. Upon receipt of a written request, the government system will make a good faith effort to determine whether the requested record is a public record and will respond as quickly as possible based on the circumstances existing at the time of the request. This period shall not exceed five (5) business days from the date the Open Records Officer receives the written request. If the state system does not respond within this period, the request is considered rejected.
  2. The state system may inform the applicant, in accordance with the provisions of the law, that an additional period of time is required to comply with a particular request. Such extension shall not exceed thirty (30) calendar days, unless otherwise agreed by the applicant. If the state system fails to provide a final response in a timely manner according to the deadline extension, the application will be considered rejected. The Open Records Officer will notify the applicant in writing within five (5) business days of the need for an extension. The notice must include a statement informing the applicant that the request for access is being reviewed, the reason for the review and a reasonable date by which a response is expected, and an estimate of the applicable fees that are due when the recording is available.

D. Processing of Requests for Information

  1. Upon receipt of a written request for information, the Open Records Officer must do the following:
    1. Order date stamp.
    2. Assign a tracking number to the request.
    3. Estimate the day when the five business day deadline will expire and write that date on the first page of the application.
    4. Notify the applicant of the receipt of the application.
    5. Make an electronic or paper copy of the application, including all documents submitted with it and the envelope (if applicable) in which it was received.
    6. Create an official file containing the original request.
  2. To determine the five business day period:
    1. A business day is any Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday or Friday, excluding days when the agency offices are closed in whole or in part due to a national holiday or due to inclement weather (e.g. snow storm or ice storm). ) ; due to natural or other disasters; or as requested or directed by any local, state or federal government or law enforcement agency.
    2. Inquiries can be made during normal business hours from 8am to 5pm. m. until 4:00 p.m. m. requests received after 4:00 p.m. are deemed to have been received on the next working day.
    3. The day the order is received (or deemed to have been received) will not be counted in determining the expiry of the 5 business day period; The first day of the five business day period is the next business day of the agency.

E. Initial Review of Right-to-Know Officer

Upon receipt of a request for information, the Open Records Officer must review it immediately. The purpose of this review is to determine the following:

  1. If the order has an obvious defect that justifies its refusal without further examination. Such defects include:
    1. The documents requested by the applicant are not identified with sufficient certainty.
    2. The records identified clearly do not fall within the Act's definition of "public records".
    3. The identified records undoubtedly fall under one of the statutory exceptions to the law at 65 P.S. 67708 for the definition of "public records".
    4. The Open Records Officer has personal knowledge that the identified records do not exist.
    5. The Open Records Officer has personal knowledge that the records identified are not owned or controlled by the Authority.
    6. Whether the application can be granted without further ado. For example, if the Open Records Officer knows the requested documents exist and are public records and can be accessed immediately, then no further verification is required.
    7. Whether the request involves a right protected by the Pennsylvania or United States constitution, including but not limited to the constitutional right to privacy. If the Open Records Officer concludes that the application implies such a right, he or she should consult an attorney to consider the balance between the applicant's interest in access to the records and constitutionally protected interests.
  2. After completing this initial verification, the RTI officer may contact (or attempt to contact) the applicant for clarification or additional information.
  3. If the Open Records Officer determines that the application should be denied for any of the reasons set out in (1) above, he or she will promptly draft a proposed denial letter. This letter must state any reasons that the employee with access rights considers a reasonable reason for the refusal.

F. Responses in general

  1. The act of providing an applicant with physical access to a document in the offices of a government agency is a “response” within the meaning of the Right to Know Act.
  2. If available, a record will be provided on the medium requested by the applicant (ie electronic file if the information is already available on this form). There is no need to convert a recording to a medium other than that on which it is kept.
  3. A requestor may view original records by making an appointment with the Open Records Officer during business hours, or request paper copies, which will be made available for a fee set by the Open Records Office. The fee may be waived at the discretion of the person entitled to information.
  4. The government system does not create public records that do not already exist, and does not create, maintain, format, or organize public records in a way that the agency does not currently do.

G Answers

  1. Response Types.
    1. The application is granted in full.
    2. The application is rejected in its entirety.
    3. The request is partially granted.
  2. Considered rejections. Failure to respond in a timely manner will be considered a refusal.
  3. Definitive responses to deferred requests.
    1. A written request for registration will be granted if the requested registration falls within the statutory definition of “public records”.
    2. Written responses to inquiries may be in any format permitted by law (mail, fax, email, etc.).
  4. Final decisions in which applications are rejected in whole or in part.
    1. A written response to a denial of an application must list any specific reasons given for the denial of the application.
    2. If an application is denied in whole or in part, the written response must also include a notice informing the applicant of their right to appeal to the Office of Open Records.
    3. Any final written response justifying a refusal, in whole or in part, must include the following:
      1. Name, title, business address, business phone number, and signature of the government official or official under whose authority the refusal was issued.
      2. The words "Sent Date" followed by the date the reply was sent.
      3. An explanation of the process that the applicant can follow to lodge a complaint against the rejection.
    4. reasons for rejection. A written request for access to, or a copy of, a recording may be denied if any of the following circumstances exist:
      1. The applicant has not identified any of the requested records with sufficient specificity.
      2. The record does not exist.
      3. The applicant has not prepaid the cost of fulfilling the application if the estimated cost exceeds $100.
      4. The record in question does not meet the statute's general definition of a "public record".
      5. The record in question falls under one or more statutory exceptions in the Act to the definition of "public records." 65HP 67.708.
      6. The request constitutes a disruption request under 65 P.S. 67.506(a) or the order may be revoked due to a disaster or potential damage under 65 P.S. not be granted. 67.506(b).

write H

  1. Redaction means removing part of a document and keeping the rest. The wording must be such as to prevent the applicant from accessing the information being processed.
  2. If a public record is found to contain accessible information and non-accessible information, the Right-To-Know Act requires the response to grant access to the accessible information but deny access to the inaccessible information.
  3. Before submitting a Response, the Office of the Chief Counsel or his designee will review any Response that contains information that requires redacting.

I. Complaints

  1. Right to Complaint.
    1. An appeal against a denial must be filed with the Office of Open Records within 15 business days of the date the denial was submitted in writing.
    2. An appeal against a deemed denial must be filed with the Office of Open Records within 15 calendar days of the date the claim is deemed denied.

J. Fees and Charges

  1. Any duplication fees charged will be based on the fee structure establishedOpen the archive.
  • personnel office
  • Sutton Hall, Saal G8
    1011 On drive
    Indiana, Pennsylvania 15705
  • Telephone:724-357-2431
  • Fax:724-357-2685
  • recursos-humanos@iup.edu

business hours

From Monday to Friday

8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m

FAQs

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5 Steps of a product lifecycle: From Cradle To Grave
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  • Usage & Retail.
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What are the 4 stages of a life cycle assessment? ›

LCA is based on 4 main phases (as in figure): 1) goal and scope 2) inventory analysis, 3) impact assessment, 4) interpretation. In the goal and scope phase, the aims of the study are defined, namely the intended application, the reasons for carrying out the study and the intended audience.

Is lifecycle assessment mandatory? ›

Comply with whole life carbon regulations

LCAs are a mandatory part of many of the new laws and policies. Read more about increasing whole life carbon: Unregulated energy use and carbon emissions from buildings – and how it is changing.

What is life cycle assessment with examples? ›

Life cycle assessment is a cradle-to-grave or cradle-to-cradle analysis technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life, which is from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, and use.

What are the 7 life stages? ›

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What are the six 6 phases of the systems life cycle? ›

There are usually six stages in this cycle: requirement analysis, design, development and testing, implementation, documentation, and evaluation.

What is a 4 stage life cycle called? ›

4 stage life cycle (complete metamorphosis). The four stages are egg, larva, pupa and adult.

What are 2 inputs in to a life cycle assessment? ›

There are two fundamental types of LCA data–unit process data, and environmental input-output (EIO) data.

How long does it take to do a life cycle assessment? ›

A properly rigorous LCA can take six months or more to do, but an estimated LCA can take hours. As above, remember rough analyses can have huge uncertainties (such as 30%, 50%, often 100% or more, per datapoint).

What do life cycle assessments look at? ›

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What are the disadvantages of life-cycle assessment? ›

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What is life cycle very short answer? ›

life cycle, in biology, the series of changes that the members of a species undergo as they pass from the beginning of a given developmental stage to the inception of that same developmental stage in a subsequent generation.

What is a life cycle simple answer? ›

A life cycle is a series of stages a living thing goes through during its life. All plants and animals go through life cycles. It is helpful to use diagrams to show the stages, which often include starting as a seed, egg, or live birth, then growing up and reproducing. Life cycles repeat again and again.

What is the main purpose of a life cycle assessment? ›

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) aims to quantify the environmental impacts that arise from material inputs and outputs, such as energy use or air emissions, over a product's entire life cycle to assist consumers in making decisions that will benefit the environment.

What are the 8 levels of life? ›

The 8 stages of life
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  • Toddlerhood.
  • Preschool years.
  • Early school years.
  • Adolescence.
  • Young adulthood.
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  • Late adulthood.

How old is a toddler age? ›

Toddlers (2-3 years of age)

What are the 9 stages of human life? ›

The average human life span falls into nine stages:
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  • early childhood.
  • middle childhood.
  • adolescence.
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What is the six stage of life? ›

In summary, the human life cycle has six main stages: foetus, baby, child, adolescent, adult and elderly.

How many stages are there of life? ›

The six stages of human development include the foetus, infancy, toddler years, childhood, puberty, adolescence, adulthood, middle age and senior years.

How are butterflies born? ›

All butterflies start as tiny eggs—each about the size of a pin—that female butterflies deposit on leaves in small clusters. Eggs typically gestate for about a week or two, at which point they hatch into butterfly larva.

What are the 4 stages of a human? ›

Period of Infancy 2. Period of Early Childhood 3. Late Childhood or Pre-Adolescence 4. Adolescence.

What are 2 examples of inputs? ›

What are inputs? Inputs are any resources used to create goods and services. Examples of inputs include labor (workers' time), fuel, materials, buildings, and equipment.

What are activity inputs? ›

Inputs ensure that it is possible to deliver the intended results of a project. Activities. Activities on the other hand are actions associated with delivering project goals. In other words, they are what your people do in order to achieve the aims of the project.

What are the two types of inputs? ›

Input is data put into a computer for processing. Input devices are broken down into 3 categories: keyboards, pointing devices, and Data-Entry devices.

How much does a life cycle assessment cost? ›

These external organizations typically charge 10,000-30,000USD for screening LCAs and 50,000-100,000USD for full LCAs when looking at a comprehensive set of indicators.

How much does an LCA assessment cost? ›

MEASURE: Free (or very cheap) life cycle assessment

Life cycle assessment can be quite expensive, costing up to $50,000 or more per product.

What is the biggest advantage of a life cycle assessment? ›

The purpose of an LCA is to help organizations better understand the environmental impact of products they buy or sell, to mitigate that environmental impact, and to develop an effective environmental marketing strategy.

How many parameters are there in LCI? ›

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What is the result of a life cycle assessment? ›

During a Life Cycle Assessment (Life Cycle Analysis), you evaluate the potential environmental impacts throughout the entire life cycle of a product (production, distribution, use and end-of-life phases) or service.

What are life cycle indicators? ›

Life cycle based indicators are developed to quantify the environmental performance of EU waste management. LCA provides quantitative understanding of environmental impacts. Life cycle based indicators can be used to support environmentally sound decisions in EU waste management.

Why is life-cycle assessment not widely used? ›

In addition, performing an LCA study is resource consuming, mainly due to the large amount of data needed. If data collection is poor, or if not enough data are available, the study will not lead to solid conclusions. In addition, it is not easy to communicate the results of an LCA study.

What is the difference between life-cycle assessment and life cycle analysis? ›

The difference between LCA and LCCA is that LCA attempts to quantify the environmental impact of a product across each stage of its life, whereas LCCA estimates the pure financial impact over the life of the investment.

Is life-cycle assessment quantitative or qualitative? ›

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Why are life cycle assessments done GCSE? ›

A life-cycle assessment or LCA is a 'cradle-to-grave' analysis of the impact of a manufactured product on the environment . The main stages are: obtaining the raw materials needed. manufacturing the product.

Why is it called cycle? ›

We get cycle from Latin cyclus and Greek kuklos, both meaning "circle." So you can see where bi- (two) and tri- (three) + cycle got their names. Nowadays, cycle can be a verb or a noun: You can ride a cycle or you can cycle to the park.

What are the 5 cycles? ›

Biogeochemical cycles important to living organisms include the water, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur cycles.

What are types of life cycle? ›

There are three types of life cycles: Haplontic life cycle, Diplontic life cycle and Haplodiplontic life cycle.

What are the 5 life stages of animals? ›

Students should recall that various animal groups experience different life cycle stages that usually include: birth, growth, development, reproduction, and death.

Is life cycle 1 or 2 words? ›

life cycle: Two words as a noun. life-cycle: Hyphenated as an adjective.

Which animal has 4 stages in life cycle? ›

Moths and Butterflies undergo complete Metamorphosis comprising four stages: egg, caterpillar, pupa and adult.

What is cradle to grave? ›

Term. 'Cradle-to-grave' assessment considers impacts at each stage of a product's life-cycle, from the time natural resources are extracted from the ground and processed through each subsequent stage of manufacturing, transportation, product use, and ultimately, disposal.

What are the first 5 phases of the 7 phases of the systems development life cycle? ›

What Are the 7 Phases of SDLC? The new seven phases of SDLC include planning, analysis, design, development, testing, implementation, and maintenance.

What is the life cycle of assessment? ›

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What are the five team life cycles? ›

It talked about the four stages of development all teams move through over time: forming, storming, norming, and performing. In 1977, Tuckman and doctoral student Mary Ann Jensen added a fifth stage called adjourning to make it the “five stages of team development.”

What are the types of life cycle assessment? ›

There are three different types of LCA. They are: i) Conceptual LCA – Life Cycle Thinking, ii) Simplified LCA; and iii) Detailed LCA. The different types can be used in different ways and have strengths and weaknesses, depending upon the context in which they are used.

What are most important 4 phases of project life cycle? ›

Planning, build-up, implementation, and closeout.

What are the 7 stages of the software development lifecycle order them as they would occur in the waterfall model and in one to two sentences describe what occurs in each? ›

The waterfall model is a sequential design process in which progress is seen as flowing steadily downwards (like a waterfall) through the phases of Conception, Initiation, Analysis, Design, Construction, Testing, Production/Implementation, and Maintenance.

What are the 5 stages of a program development cycle briefly explain two stages? ›

Program development life cycle (PDLC) The process containing the five phases of program development: analyzing, designing, coding, debugging and testing, and implementing and maintaining application software.

How long does a life cycle assessment take? ›

Your estimated LCA for early-stage design will not be rigorous, like the analysis you would need for an Environmental Product Declaration. A properly rigorous LCA can take six months or more to do, but an estimated LCA can take hours.

What are the 4 important elements of team working? ›

To establish an effective team – there are four essential elements: Goals, Roles, Interpersonal Relationships and Processes.

How do you lead a team of 5? ›

1. Make Time To Lead
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What are the 5 C of team building? ›

We call it the 5 Cs: Common Purpose, Clear Expectations, Communication and Alignment, Coaching and Collaboration, and Consequences and Results. On the surface, it's a simple framework but in practical application, it can really change the game for teams and leaders.

What is the 3 stages of life cycle approach? ›

9 With these features in mind, the LCA of an analytical procedure can be broken down into three stages: method design, method qualification, and continued method verification (Fig.

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